The capsular polysaccharide obtained from Escherichia coli K4 is a glycosaminoglycan-like molecule, similar to chondroitin sulphate, that has established applications in the biomedical field. Recent efforts focused on the development of strategies to increase K4 polysaccharide fermentation titers up to technologically attractive levels, but an aspect that has not been investigated so far, is how changes in the molecular machinery that produces this biopolymer affect its molecular weight. In this work, we took advantage of recombinant E. coli K4 strains that overproduce capsular polysaccharide, to study whether the inferred pathway modifications also influenced the size of the produced polymer. Fed-batch fermentations were performed up to the 22 L scale, in potentially industrially applicable conditions, and a purification protocol that allows in particular the recovery of high molecular weight unsulphated chondroitin, was developed next. This approach allowed to determine the molecular weight of the purified polysaccharide, demonstrating that kfoF overexpression increased polymer size up to 133 kDa. Higher polysaccharide titers and size were also correlated to increased concentrations of UDP-GlcA and decreased concentrations of UDP-GalNAc during growth. These results are interesting also in view of novel potential applications of higher molecular weight chondroitin and chondroitin sulphate in the biomedical field.

Production and purification of higher molecular weight chondroitin by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli K4 strains

Restaino O. F.;Schiraldi C.;
2020

Abstract

The capsular polysaccharide obtained from Escherichia coli K4 is a glycosaminoglycan-like molecule, similar to chondroitin sulphate, that has established applications in the biomedical field. Recent efforts focused on the development of strategies to increase K4 polysaccharide fermentation titers up to technologically attractive levels, but an aspect that has not been investigated so far, is how changes in the molecular machinery that produces this biopolymer affect its molecular weight. In this work, we took advantage of recombinant E. coli K4 strains that overproduce capsular polysaccharide, to study whether the inferred pathway modifications also influenced the size of the produced polymer. Fed-batch fermentations were performed up to the 22 L scale, in potentially industrially applicable conditions, and a purification protocol that allows in particular the recovery of high molecular weight unsulphated chondroitin, was developed next. This approach allowed to determine the molecular weight of the purified polysaccharide, demonstrating that kfoF overexpression increased polymer size up to 133 kDa. Higher polysaccharide titers and size were also correlated to increased concentrations of UDP-GlcA and decreased concentrations of UDP-GalNAc during growth. These results are interesting also in view of novel potential applications of higher molecular weight chondroitin and chondroitin sulphate in the biomedical field.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/895810
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