A hyphenated technique combining FTIR Spectroscopy and Barometry is implemented to study transport properties of pure and mixed gases in rubbery polymers. FTIR spectroscopy is operated in situ and in the transmission mode. The specific case of transport of pure CO2 and CH4 in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was addressed by performing the experimental investigation at ambient temperature and pressure values up to 9 bar, analyzing quantitatively both the gas phase and the solid polymer phase. The IR signals of each species in the gaseous phase were first calibrated against density data of each pure gas. Then, sorption experiments from a unary gas phase were conducted increasing the pressure stepwise and the amount of gas sorbed at each pressure within the polymer was quantitatively determined by measuring the absorbance decay within the gas phase. From these measurements, equilibrium sorption isotherms and sorption kinetics of both pure gases in PDMS have been evaluated. At the same time, FTIR spectra of pure CO2 absorbed within the polymer phase were collected and calibrated. The spectroscopic contrast in the gas and the polymer phase allowed us to apply the same approaches to sorption of gas mixtures, a very difficult task with the techniques currently available. Preliminary results for the sorption of carbon dioxide from CO2/CH4 gas mixtures are presented.

Combining FTIR spectroscopy and pressure-decay techniques to analyze sorption isotherms and sorption kinetics of pure gases and their mixtures in polymers: The case of CO2 and CH4 sorption in polydimethylsiloxane

Loianno V.
Primo
Investigation
;
Mensitieri G.
Conceptualization
;
Baldanza A.
Validation
;
Scherillo G.
Validation
;
2022

Abstract

A hyphenated technique combining FTIR Spectroscopy and Barometry is implemented to study transport properties of pure and mixed gases in rubbery polymers. FTIR spectroscopy is operated in situ and in the transmission mode. The specific case of transport of pure CO2 and CH4 in polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) was addressed by performing the experimental investigation at ambient temperature and pressure values up to 9 bar, analyzing quantitatively both the gas phase and the solid polymer phase. The IR signals of each species in the gaseous phase were first calibrated against density data of each pure gas. Then, sorption experiments from a unary gas phase were conducted increasing the pressure stepwise and the amount of gas sorbed at each pressure within the polymer was quantitatively determined by measuring the absorbance decay within the gas phase. From these measurements, equilibrium sorption isotherms and sorption kinetics of both pure gases in PDMS have been evaluated. At the same time, FTIR spectra of pure CO2 absorbed within the polymer phase were collected and calibrated. The spectroscopic contrast in the gas and the polymer phase allowed us to apply the same approaches to sorption of gas mixtures, a very difficult task with the techniques currently available. Preliminary results for the sorption of carbon dioxide from CO2/CH4 gas mixtures are presented.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/895600
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