Aim: “Antimicrobial stewardship” (AMS) is defined as a healthcare-system-wide approach to promoting and monitoring the judicious use of antimicrobials to preserve their future effectiveness. Therefore, we structured an observational study to monitor the hospital trend of antibiotic consumption and related expenditure before the COVID-19 pandemic and to evaluate how much AMS could affect this trend. Methods: The research covered the antibiotic prescriptions at the University Hospital (U.H.) “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy, comparing data on the therapies prescribed from 1 January to 31 December 2017 (27,384 patients) with those collected during the same period in 2019 (27,047 patients). Results: Unlike national data, our results highlighted a decreasing trend in the consumption of antibiotics that did not concern only carbapenems and fluoroquinolones, but also the third-generation cephalosporins. Noteworthily, there was also a reduction in 2019 compared with 2017 in the consumption of colistin, an antibiotic towards which an increase in bacterial resistance in animals has been found nationally. In agreement with the national data, our research confirms a trend of an increase (+3.7%) in the total antibiotic consumption corresponding to more than 26% and 29% reductions in the total and therapy per-day costs, respectively. Conclusions: The results show a positive impact of the AMS at the University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”.

Impact and Value of Hospital Antibiotic Stewardship: Retrospective Pre-COVID-19-Pandemic Analysis

Corbi, Graziamaria;
2022

Abstract

Aim: “Antimicrobial stewardship” (AMS) is defined as a healthcare-system-wide approach to promoting and monitoring the judicious use of antimicrobials to preserve their future effectiveness. Therefore, we structured an observational study to monitor the hospital trend of antibiotic consumption and related expenditure before the COVID-19 pandemic and to evaluate how much AMS could affect this trend. Methods: The research covered the antibiotic prescriptions at the University Hospital (U.H.) “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy, comparing data on the therapies prescribed from 1 January to 31 December 2017 (27,384 patients) with those collected during the same period in 2019 (27,047 patients). Results: Unlike national data, our results highlighted a decreasing trend in the consumption of antibiotics that did not concern only carbapenems and fluoroquinolones, but also the third-generation cephalosporins. Noteworthily, there was also a reduction in 2019 compared with 2017 in the consumption of colistin, an antibiotic towards which an increase in bacterial resistance in animals has been found nationally. In agreement with the national data, our research confirms a trend of an increase (+3.7%) in the total antibiotic consumption corresponding to more than 26% and 29% reductions in the total and therapy per-day costs, respectively. Conclusions: The results show a positive impact of the AMS at the University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893842
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