Redox-responsive silica drug delivery systems are synthesized by aeco-friendly diatomite source to achieve on-demand release of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in tumor reducing microenvironment, aiming to inhibit the immune checkpoint programmed cell death 1 receptor/programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) in cancer cells. The nanoparticles (NPs) are coated with polyethylene glycol chains as gatekeepers to improve their physicochemical properties and control drug release through the cleavable disulfide bonds (S-S) in a reductive environment. This study describes different chemical conditions to achieve the highest NPs' surface functionalization yield, exploring both multistep and one-pot chemical functionalization strategies. The best formulation is used for covalent PNA conjugation via the S-S bond reaching a loading degree of 306 ± 25 µg PNA mg-1 DNPs . These systems are used for in vitro studies to evaluate the kinetic release, biocompatibility, cellular uptake, and activity on different cancer cells expressing high levels of PD-L1. The obtained results prove the safety of the NPs up to 200 µg mL-1 and their advantage for controlling and enhancing the PNA intracellular release as well as antitumor activity. Moreover, the downregulation of PD-L1 observed only with MDA-MB-231 cancer cells paves the way for targeted immunotherapy.

Development of Surface Chemical Strategies for Synthesizing Redox-Responsive Diatomite Nanoparticles as a Green Platform for On-Demand Intracellular Release of an Antisense Peptide Nucleic Acid Anticancer Agent

Terracciano, Monica
Primo
;
Falanga, Andrea Patrizia;D'Errico, Stefano;Greco, Francesca;Tramontano, Chiara;Rea, Ilaria;Piccialli, Gennaro;Oliviero, Giorgia;Borbone, Nicola
Ultimo
2022

Abstract

Redox-responsive silica drug delivery systems are synthesized by aeco-friendly diatomite source to achieve on-demand release of peptide nucleic acid (PNA) in tumor reducing microenvironment, aiming to inhibit the immune checkpoint programmed cell death 1 receptor/programmed cell death receptor ligand 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) in cancer cells. The nanoparticles (NPs) are coated with polyethylene glycol chains as gatekeepers to improve their physicochemical properties and control drug release through the cleavable disulfide bonds (S-S) in a reductive environment. This study describes different chemical conditions to achieve the highest NPs' surface functionalization yield, exploring both multistep and one-pot chemical functionalization strategies. The best formulation is used for covalent PNA conjugation via the S-S bond reaching a loading degree of 306 ± 25 µg PNA mg-1 DNPs . These systems are used for in vitro studies to evaluate the kinetic release, biocompatibility, cellular uptake, and activity on different cancer cells expressing high levels of PD-L1. The obtained results prove the safety of the NPs up to 200 µg mL-1 and their advantage for controlling and enhancing the PNA intracellular release as well as antitumor activity. Moreover, the downregulation of PD-L1 observed only with MDA-MB-231 cancer cells paves the way for targeted immunotherapy.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893823
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