We consider one-dimensional Hamiltonian systems whose ground states display symmetry-protected topological order. We show that ground states within the topological phase cannot be connected with each other through local operations and classical communication between a bipartition of the system. Our claim is demonstrated by analyzing the entanglement spectrum and Rényi entropies of different physical systems that provide examples for symmetry-protected topological phases. Specifically, we consider the spin-1/2 cluster-Ising model and a class of spin-1 models undergoing quantum phase transitions to the Haldane phase. Our results provide a probe for symmetry-protected topological order. Since the picture holds even at the system's local scale, our analysis can serve as a local experimental test for topological order. © 2013 American Physical Society.

Local characterization of one-dimensional topologically ordered states

Alioscia Hamma;
2013

Abstract

We consider one-dimensional Hamiltonian systems whose ground states display symmetry-protected topological order. We show that ground states within the topological phase cannot be connected with each other through local operations and classical communication between a bipartition of the system. Our claim is demonstrated by analyzing the entanglement spectrum and Rényi entropies of different physical systems that provide examples for symmetry-protected topological phases. Specifically, we consider the spin-1/2 cluster-Ising model and a class of spin-1 models undergoing quantum phase transitions to the Haldane phase. Our results provide a probe for symmetry-protected topological order. Since the picture holds even at the system's local scale, our analysis can serve as a local experimental test for topological order. © 2013 American Physical Society.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893102
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