Clifford circuits are insufficient for universal quantum computation or creating t-designs with t ≥ 4. While the entanglement entropy is not a telltale of this insufficiency, the entanglement spectrum of a time evolved random product state is: the entanglement levels are Poisson-distributed for circuits restricted to the Clifford gate-set, while the levels follow Wigner-Dyson statistics when universal gates are used. In this paper we show, using finite-size scaling analysis of different measures of level spacing statistics, that in the thermodynamic limit, inserting a single T (π/8) gate in the middle of a random Clifford circuit is sufficient to alter the entanglement spectrum from a Poisson to a Wigner-Dyson distribution.

Single T gate in a Clifford circuit drives transition to universal entanglement spectrum statistics

Alioscia Hamma;
2020

Abstract

Clifford circuits are insufficient for universal quantum computation or creating t-designs with t ≥ 4. While the entanglement entropy is not a telltale of this insufficiency, the entanglement spectrum of a time evolved random product state is: the entanglement levels are Poisson-distributed for circuits restricted to the Clifford gate-set, while the levels follow Wigner-Dyson statistics when universal gates are used. In this paper we show, using finite-size scaling analysis of different measures of level spacing statistics, that in the thermodynamic limit, inserting a single T (π/8) gate in the middle of a random Clifford circuit is sufficient to alter the entanglement spectrum from a Poisson to a Wigner-Dyson distribution.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893092
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