Random quantum states and operations are of fundamental and practical interests. In this paper, we investigate the entanglement properties of random hypergraph states, which generalize the notion of graph states by applying generalized controlled-phase gates on an initial reference product state. In particular, we study the two ensembles generated by random controlled-Z (CZ) and controlled-controlled-Z (CCZ) gates, respectively. By applying tensor network representation and combinational counting, we analytically show that the average subsystem purity and entanglement entropy for the two ensembles feature the same volume law but greatly differ in typicality, namely, the purity fluctuation is small and universal for the CCZ ensemble while it is large for the CZ ensemble. We discuss the implications of these results for the onset of entanglement complexity and quantum chaos.

Entanglement of Random hypergraph states

Alioscia Hamma
2021

Abstract

Random quantum states and operations are of fundamental and practical interests. In this paper, we investigate the entanglement properties of random hypergraph states, which generalize the notion of graph states by applying generalized controlled-phase gates on an initial reference product state. In particular, we study the two ensembles generated by random controlled-Z (CZ) and controlled-controlled-Z (CCZ) gates, respectively. By applying tensor network representation and combinational counting, we analytically show that the average subsystem purity and entanglement entropy for the two ensembles feature the same volume law but greatly differ in typicality, namely, the purity fluctuation is small and universal for the CCZ ensemble while it is large for the CZ ensemble. We discuss the implications of these results for the onset of entanglement complexity and quantum chaos.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
PhysRevA.106.012410.pdf

accesso aperto

Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 674.55 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
674.55 kB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/893017
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact