Background: Despite myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) camera is largely used in the diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD), no data are available on the prognostic value of a regional MPI evaluation. We evaluated the prognostic value of regional MPI by the CZT camera in predicting clinical outcomes at the vessel level in patients with available angiographic data. Methods and results: Five hundred and forty-one subjects with suspected or known CAD referred to 99mTc-sestamibi gated CZT-SPECT cardiac imaging and with available angiographic data were studied. Both regional total perfusion deficit (TPD) and ischemic TPD (ITPD) were calculated separately for each vascular territory (left anterior descending, left circumflex, and right coronary artery). The outcome end points were cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or late coronary revascularization. The prevalence of CAD ≥ 50%, regional stress TPD, and regional ITPD was significantly higher in vessels with events as compared to those without (both P < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristics area under the curve for regional ITPD for the identification of vessel-related events was 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.75–0.86). An ITPD value of 2.0% provided the best trade-off for identifying the vessel-related event. At multivariable analysis, both CAD ≥ 50% and ITPD ≥ 2.0% resulted in independent predictors of events. Conclusions: Regional myocardial perfusion assessed by the CZT camera demonstrated good reliability in predicting vessel-related events in patients with suspected or known CAD.

Regional myocardial perfusion imaging in predicting vessel-related outcome: interplay between the perfusion results and angiographic findings

Mannarino, Teresa;D’Antonio, Adriana;Assante, Roberta;Zampella, Emilia;Gaudieri, Valeria
;
Buongiorno, Pietro;Cantoni, Valeria;Green, Roberta;Nappi, Carmela;Criscuolo, Emanuele;Bologna, Roberto;Petretta, Mario;Cuocolo, Alberto;Acampa, Wanda
In corso di stampa

Abstract

Background: Despite myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) by cadmium-zinc-telluride (CZT) single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) camera is largely used in the diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD), no data are available on the prognostic value of a regional MPI evaluation. We evaluated the prognostic value of regional MPI by the CZT camera in predicting clinical outcomes at the vessel level in patients with available angiographic data. Methods and results: Five hundred and forty-one subjects with suspected or known CAD referred to 99mTc-sestamibi gated CZT-SPECT cardiac imaging and with available angiographic data were studied. Both regional total perfusion deficit (TPD) and ischemic TPD (ITPD) were calculated separately for each vascular territory (left anterior descending, left circumflex, and right coronary artery). The outcome end points were cardiac death, target vessel-related myocardial infarction, or late coronary revascularization. The prevalence of CAD ≥ 50%, regional stress TPD, and regional ITPD was significantly higher in vessels with events as compared to those without (both P < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristics area under the curve for regional ITPD for the identification of vessel-related events was 0.81 (95% confidence interval 0.75–0.86). An ITPD value of 2.0% provided the best trade-off for identifying the vessel-related event. At multivariable analysis, both CAD ≥ 50% and ITPD ≥ 2.0% resulted in independent predictors of events. Conclusions: Regional myocardial perfusion assessed by the CZT camera demonstrated good reliability in predicting vessel-related events in patients with suspected or known CAD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/892921
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