A comprehensive understanding of ligand-protein interactions requires information about all thermodynamic parameters that describe the complexation reaction, and they should be able to provide the necessary information to understand the molecular forces that drive complex formation. Usually, binding studies are performed at ambient pressure conditions. However, in addition to using temperature variation to reveal enthalpic and entropic contributions to ligand binding, complementary pressure-dependent studies providing volumetric properties of the reaction can be beneficial. Changes in partial molar volume can inform about changes in packing and hydration upon ligand binding. Here, after a general discussion of pressure effects on ligand binding reactions, we present a comprehensive study of the effect of pressure and a widely used organic cosolvent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), on the binding of a small aromatic ligand, proflavine, to the enzyme α-chymotrypsin. We found that DMSO, which acts as a competitive inhibitor for proflavine, has a strong impact on the interaction process, resulting in a decrease of the binding constant. While the reaction performed in neat buffer is basically pressure insensitive, the partial molar volume of the complex in the presence of DMSO is larger compared with the uncomplexed state, rendering the binding constant markedly smaller upon pressurization. We also show that the magnitude and sign of the binding volume provide valuable information about the interaction mechanism and hydration changes, which is of particular interest when cosolvents are present.

Harnessing Pressure Modulation for Exploring Ligand Binding Reactions in Cosolvent Solutions

Oliva, Rosario;
2021

Abstract

A comprehensive understanding of ligand-protein interactions requires information about all thermodynamic parameters that describe the complexation reaction, and they should be able to provide the necessary information to understand the molecular forces that drive complex formation. Usually, binding studies are performed at ambient pressure conditions. However, in addition to using temperature variation to reveal enthalpic and entropic contributions to ligand binding, complementary pressure-dependent studies providing volumetric properties of the reaction can be beneficial. Changes in partial molar volume can inform about changes in packing and hydration upon ligand binding. Here, after a general discussion of pressure effects on ligand binding reactions, we present a comprehensive study of the effect of pressure and a widely used organic cosolvent, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), on the binding of a small aromatic ligand, proflavine, to the enzyme α-chymotrypsin. We found that DMSO, which acts as a competitive inhibitor for proflavine, has a strong impact on the interaction process, resulting in a decrease of the binding constant. While the reaction performed in neat buffer is basically pressure insensitive, the partial molar volume of the complex in the presence of DMSO is larger compared with the uncomplexed state, rendering the binding constant markedly smaller upon pressurization. We also show that the magnitude and sign of the binding volume provide valuable information about the interaction mechanism and hydration changes, which is of particular interest when cosolvents are present.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/892863
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