Previously, we reported that fluorescent peptide dansyl-HPHGHW-NH2 (dH3w), designed on the repeats of the human histidine-rich glycoprotein, shows a turn-on response to Zn(II) and a complex response to Hg(II) characterized by a turn-off phase at low Hg(II) concentrations and a turn-on phase at high concentrations. As Hg(II) easily displaces Zn(II), dH3w is a useful probe for the environmental monitoring of Hg(II). In order to investigate the molecular basis of the metal selectivity and fluorescence response, we characterized three variants, dH3w(H1A), dH3w(H3A), and dH3w(H5A), in which each of the three histidine residues was changed to alanine, and two variants with a single fluorescent moiety, namely dH3w(W6A), in which the tryptophan residue at the C-terminus was changed to alanine, and AcH3w, in which the N-terminal dansyl moiety was substituted by an acetyl group. These variants allowed us to demonstrate that all the histidine residues are essential for a strong interaction with Zn(II), whereas two histidine residues (in particular His5) and the dansyl group are necessary to bind Hg(II). The data reported herein shed light on the molecular behavior of dH3w, thus paving the way to the rational designing of further and more efficient fluorescent peptidyl probes for Hg(II).

Molecular Dissection of dH3w, A Fluorescent Peptidyl Sensor for Zinc and Mercury

Siepi, Marialuisa
Co-primo
;
Oliva, Rosario
Co-primo
;
Battista, Filomena;Petraccone, Luigi;Del Vecchio, Pompea;Izzo, Viviana;Isticato, Rachele;Notomista, Eugenio
Co-ultimo
;
Donadio, Giuliana
Co-ultimo
2020

Abstract

Previously, we reported that fluorescent peptide dansyl-HPHGHW-NH2 (dH3w), designed on the repeats of the human histidine-rich glycoprotein, shows a turn-on response to Zn(II) and a complex response to Hg(II) characterized by a turn-off phase at low Hg(II) concentrations and a turn-on phase at high concentrations. As Hg(II) easily displaces Zn(II), dH3w is a useful probe for the environmental monitoring of Hg(II). In order to investigate the molecular basis of the metal selectivity and fluorescence response, we characterized three variants, dH3w(H1A), dH3w(H3A), and dH3w(H5A), in which each of the three histidine residues was changed to alanine, and two variants with a single fluorescent moiety, namely dH3w(W6A), in which the tryptophan residue at the C-terminus was changed to alanine, and AcH3w, in which the N-terminal dansyl moiety was substituted by an acetyl group. These variants allowed us to demonstrate that all the histidine residues are essential for a strong interaction with Zn(II), whereas two histidine residues (in particular His5) and the dansyl group are necessary to bind Hg(II). The data reported herein shed light on the molecular behavior of dH3w, thus paving the way to the rational designing of further and more efficient fluorescent peptidyl probes for Hg(II).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/892857
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