The estimation of lithium-ion batteries degradation plays an important role for the correct operation of smart grid and electric vehicle applications. In fact, only healthy battery energy storage systems meet minimum performance in terms of supplied voltage and power. Health prognostic is mandatory to ensure safe and reliable operation of batteries, as unsuccessful operation may cause technical/economic detriments or complete failures. The battery remaining useful life (RUL) depends on several random factors and thus it should be probabilistically characterized to allow the application of decision-making processes. In this article, a hybrid methodology is developed to characterize the RUL even with small amount of data, in view of the typical scarcity of data for adequately fitting the RUL probability distributions. Several distributions are considered in the methodology and compared for such purpose: the inverse Burr (IB) distribution, and mixtures of IB with inverse Gaussian and with inverse Weibull distributions. Expectation-maximization algorithms are specifically developed for the parameter estimation of the considered mixture distributions in the proposed methodology. The IB-based distributions are applied on a RUL dataset created by Monte Carlo sampling on an electrochemical battery model fitted upon given charge/discharge cycles. Numerical experiments are reported to assess the proposal with respect to benchmark distributions.
Probabilistic Modeling of Li-Ion Battery Remaining Useful Life / Chiodo, E.; De Falco, P.; Di Noia, L. P.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON INDUSTRY APPLICATIONS. - ISSN 0093-9994. - 58:4(2022), pp. 5214-5226. [10.1109/TIA.2022.3170525]