Failure of a phase current sensor in Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machine (PMSM) drive can highly impact the performance of the drive. Especially, offset faults can cause torque oscillations, which can lead to an unacceptable deterioration of the drive's performance and mechanical damages. The diagnosis of this fault condition is of fundamental importance in many applications and it is often solved by means of highly computational state estimation techniques. This paper presents a new model-based approach to systematically and accurately detect and estimate phase current sensor offsets in PMSM drives. The steady-state analytical solution of the PMSM drive model, including the control loop of the Field Oriented Control (FOC) and the sensor offset disturbance, has been found, allowing for estimating the effect of the fault on the electric drive performance. Then, a simple and effective diagnostic algorithm has been developed to detect, isolate and accurately estimate the location and the magnitude of the fault eliminating any need for state estimation or observers. Numerical and experimental results have been reported to validate the proposed model and diagnostic algorithm even in case of motor parameters variation.
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