Lignin was extracted by two extraction methods from two biomasses for energy (Mischantus and Giant Reed) and a lignocellulosic material resulting from a microbial treatment of giant reed. One method of extraction involved the use of H2SO4 (SA), providing a highly aromatic water-insoluble material, while a second method employed H2O2 at alkaline pH (Ox), resulting in a water-soluble lignin. Extraction yields were related to the total Klason lignin measured for the three materials. We compared the physical-chemical features of the isolated lignins, by employing solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C-CPMAS spectra and derived T1ρH relaxation times), thermogravimetric analyses, infrared spectrometry and high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). We found that lignin separated by the Ox method owned a more mobile molecular conformation, and was largely more water-soluble and fragmented than the lignin obtained by the SA treatment. In line with T1ρH-NMR and thermogravimetric results, the HPSEC of Ox lignins showed nominal molecular weights less than 3kDa, indicating well depolymerized materials. Such low-molecular weight and fragmented lignin obtained from biomasses for energy may become useful for application of recycled products in agriculture and in green chemistry reactions, thereby promoting an increase in the economic sustainability of biorefineries. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Physical-chemical characteristics of lignins separated from biomasses for second-generation ethanol

Savy D;Piccolo A
2014

Abstract

Lignin was extracted by two extraction methods from two biomasses for energy (Mischantus and Giant Reed) and a lignocellulosic material resulting from a microbial treatment of giant reed. One method of extraction involved the use of H2SO4 (SA), providing a highly aromatic water-insoluble material, while a second method employed H2O2 at alkaline pH (Ox), resulting in a water-soluble lignin. Extraction yields were related to the total Klason lignin measured for the three materials. We compared the physical-chemical features of the isolated lignins, by employing solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (13C-CPMAS spectra and derived T1ρH relaxation times), thermogravimetric analyses, infrared spectrometry and high performance size exclusion chromatography (HPSEC). We found that lignin separated by the Ox method owned a more mobile molecular conformation, and was largely more water-soluble and fragmented than the lignin obtained by the SA treatment. In line with T1ρH-NMR and thermogravimetric results, the HPSEC of Ox lignins showed nominal molecular weights less than 3kDa, indicating well depolymerized materials. Such low-molecular weight and fragmented lignin obtained from biomasses for energy may become useful for application of recycled products in agriculture and in green chemistry reactions, thereby promoting an increase in the economic sustainability of biorefineries. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/891549
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