Abstract Background and objectives: Once-daily, fixed-combination calcipotriol 50 μg/g (Cal) plus betamethasone dipropionate 0.5 mg/g (BD) is available in aerosol foam and cream formulations. As no head-to-head data are available, we use a matching-adjusted indirect comparison (MAIC) approach to compare Cal/BD foam and cream. Methods: Anchored and unanchored MAIC analyses were conducted using individual patient data (IPD) from five Cal/BD foam trials and two trials of Cal/BD cream. Outcomes of interest were the proportion of patients with Physician's Global Assessment (PGA) success and the mean reduction in modified Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (mPASI). Results: In the anchored MAIC, patients were more likely to achieve PGA success after 4 weeks of Cal/BD foam than after 8 weeks of Cal/BD cream and had larger mean improvements in mPASI (p < .01 in EU mPASI analysis). In unanchored analyses, 4 weeks of Cal/BD foam treatment was statistically significantly more efficacious in inducing PGA success than 8 weeks of Cal/BD cream (p < .01 in five of six comparisons). Mean reductions in mPASI were consistently statistically significantly greater with Cal/BD foam than with Cal/BD cream. Conclusions: Use of Cal/BD foam consistently shows significantly greater improvements in PGA and mPASI outcomes, compared with Cal/BD cream.
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