Thymic epithelial tumors are rare tumors usually presenting as a mass located in the anterior mediastinum and/or with symptoms deriving from associated paraneoplastic syndromes. Unresectable platinum-refractory tumors are often treated with alternative regimens, including chemotherapeutic agents as well as chemo-free regimens. The most popular unconventional therapy is represented by the somatostatin analog octreotide, which can be used alone or with prednisone. The in vivo expression of somatostatin receptors documented by imaging with indium-labeled octreotide or gallium-68 Dotapeptides, the successful use of octreotide and prednisone in a chemo-refractory patient, and, thereafter, the experiences from a case series have enforced the idea that this treatment merits consideration-as proved by its inclusion in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. In the present review, we analyze the preclinical basis for the therapeutic use of somatostatin and prednisone in refractory thymic tumors and discuss the available studies looking at future perspectives.

The Never-Ending History of Octreotide in Thymic Tumors: A Vintage or A Contemporary Drug?

Ottaviano, Margaret;Morra, Rocco;Pietroluongo, Erica;De Placido, Pietro;Sorrentino, Chiara;De Placido, Sabino;Giuliano, Mario;Palmieri, Giovannella
2022

Abstract

Thymic epithelial tumors are rare tumors usually presenting as a mass located in the anterior mediastinum and/or with symptoms deriving from associated paraneoplastic syndromes. Unresectable platinum-refractory tumors are often treated with alternative regimens, including chemotherapeutic agents as well as chemo-free regimens. The most popular unconventional therapy is represented by the somatostatin analog octreotide, which can be used alone or with prednisone. The in vivo expression of somatostatin receptors documented by imaging with indium-labeled octreotide or gallium-68 Dotapeptides, the successful use of octreotide and prednisone in a chemo-refractory patient, and, thereafter, the experiences from a case series have enforced the idea that this treatment merits consideration-as proved by its inclusion in the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines. In the present review, we analyze the preclinical basis for the therapeutic use of somatostatin and prednisone in refractory thymic tumors and discuss the available studies looking at future perspectives.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890566
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact