Here, we propose an immune-responsive human Microbiota-Intestine axis on-chip as a platform able to reproduce the architecture and vertical topography of the microbiota with a complex extracellular microenvironment consisting of a responsive extra cellular matrix (ECM) and a plethora of immune-modulatory mediators released from different cell populations such as epithelial, stromal, blood and microbial species in homeostatic and inflamed conditions. Firstly, we developed a three-dimensional human intestine model (3D-hI), represented by an instructive and histologically competent ECM and a well-differentiated epithelium with mucus-covered microvilli. Then, we replicated the microenvironmental anaerobic condition of human intestinal lumen by fabricating a custom-made microbiota chamber (MC) on the apical side of the Microbiota-human Intestine on chip (MihI-oC), establishing the physiological oxygen gradient occurring along the thickness of human small intestine from the serosal to the luminal side. The complexity of the intestinal extracellular microenvironment was improved by integrating cells populations that are directly involved in the inflammatory response such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and two species of the intestinal commensal microbiota (Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium longum). We found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation elicits microbiota's geographical change and induce Bifidobacterium longum iper-proliferation, highlighting a role of such probiotic in anti-inflammatory process. Moreover, we proved, for the first time, the indirect role of the microbiota on stromal reshaping in immune-responsive MihI-oC in terms of collagen fibers orientation and ECM remodeling, and demonstrated the role of microbiota in alleviating gastrointestinal, immunological and infectious diseases by analyzing the release of key immune-mediators after inflammatory stimulus (reactive oxygen species (ROS), pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines).

Immunoresponsive microbiota-gut-on-chip reproduces barrier dysfunction, stromal reshaping and probiotics translocation under inflammation

De Gregorio, V.
Primo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Urciuolo, F.
Formal Analysis
;
Netti, P. A.;
2022

Abstract

Here, we propose an immune-responsive human Microbiota-Intestine axis on-chip as a platform able to reproduce the architecture and vertical topography of the microbiota with a complex extracellular microenvironment consisting of a responsive extra cellular matrix (ECM) and a plethora of immune-modulatory mediators released from different cell populations such as epithelial, stromal, blood and microbial species in homeostatic and inflamed conditions. Firstly, we developed a three-dimensional human intestine model (3D-hI), represented by an instructive and histologically competent ECM and a well-differentiated epithelium with mucus-covered microvilli. Then, we replicated the microenvironmental anaerobic condition of human intestinal lumen by fabricating a custom-made microbiota chamber (MC) on the apical side of the Microbiota-human Intestine on chip (MihI-oC), establishing the physiological oxygen gradient occurring along the thickness of human small intestine from the serosal to the luminal side. The complexity of the intestinal extracellular microenvironment was improved by integrating cells populations that are directly involved in the inflammatory response such as peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) and two species of the intestinal commensal microbiota (Lactobacillus rhamnosus and Bifidobacterium longum). We found that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation elicits microbiota's geographical change and induce Bifidobacterium longum iper-proliferation, highlighting a role of such probiotic in anti-inflammatory process. Moreover, we proved, for the first time, the indirect role of the microbiota on stromal reshaping in immune-responsive MihI-oC in terms of collagen fibers orientation and ECM remodeling, and demonstrated the role of microbiota in alleviating gastrointestinal, immunological and infectious diseases by analyzing the release of key immune-mediators after inflammatory stimulus (reactive oxygen species (ROS), pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines).
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
1-s2.0-S0142961222002137-main (2).zip

non disponibili

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Non specificato
Dimensione 9.4 MB
Formato Zip File
9.4 MB Zip File   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890559
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact