Abstract: Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an excellent candidate for novel biocatalytic processes based on the capture and utilization of CO2. The setup of efficient methods for enzyme immobilization makes CA utilization in continuous bioreactors increasingly attractive and opens up new opportunities for the industrial use of CA. The development of efficient processes for CO2 capture and utilization (CCU) is one of the most challenging targets of modern chemical reaction engineering. In the general frame of CCU processes, the interest in the utilization of immobilized CA as a biocatalyst for augmentation of CO2 reactive absorption has grown consistently over the last decade. The present mini-review surveys and discusses key methodologies for CA immobilization aimed at the development of heterogeneous biocatalysts for CCU. Advantages and drawbacks of covalent attachment on fine granular solids, immobilization as cross-linked enzyme aggregates, and “in vivo” immobilization methods are presented. In particular, criteria for optimal selection of CA-biocatalyst and design of CO2 absorption units are presented and discussed to highlight the most effective solutions. Perspectives on biocatalytic CCU processes that can include the use of CA in an enzymatic reactive CO2 absorption step are eventually presented with a special focus on two examples of CO2 fixation pathways: hybrid enzyme-microalgae process and enzyme cascade for the production of carboxylic acids. Key points: • Covalent immobilization techniques applied to CA are effective for CO2 ERA. • Biocatalyst type and morphology must be selected considering CO2 ERA conditions. • Immobilized CA can offer novel routes to CO2 capture and direct utilization.

Immobilization of carbonic anhydrase for CO2 capture and utilization

Russo M. E.
;
Marzocchella A.;Salatino P.
2022

Abstract

Abstract: Carbonic anhydrase (CA) is an excellent candidate for novel biocatalytic processes based on the capture and utilization of CO2. The setup of efficient methods for enzyme immobilization makes CA utilization in continuous bioreactors increasingly attractive and opens up new opportunities for the industrial use of CA. The development of efficient processes for CO2 capture and utilization (CCU) is one of the most challenging targets of modern chemical reaction engineering. In the general frame of CCU processes, the interest in the utilization of immobilized CA as a biocatalyst for augmentation of CO2 reactive absorption has grown consistently over the last decade. The present mini-review surveys and discusses key methodologies for CA immobilization aimed at the development of heterogeneous biocatalysts for CCU. Advantages and drawbacks of covalent attachment on fine granular solids, immobilization as cross-linked enzyme aggregates, and “in vivo” immobilization methods are presented. In particular, criteria for optimal selection of CA-biocatalyst and design of CO2 absorption units are presented and discussed to highlight the most effective solutions. Perspectives on biocatalytic CCU processes that can include the use of CA in an enzymatic reactive CO2 absorption step are eventually presented with a special focus on two examples of CO2 fixation pathways: hybrid enzyme-microalgae process and enzyme cascade for the production of carboxylic acids. Key points: • Covalent immobilization techniques applied to CA are effective for CO2 ERA. • Biocatalyst type and morphology must be selected considering CO2 ERA conditions. • Immobilized CA can offer novel routes to CO2 capture and direct utilization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890520
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