Spatial patterns and background ranges of naturally occurring radionuclides (NORs) (i.e. U-238, Th-232, K-40) and Cs-137 were studied in the urban soils of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. Multifractal Inverse Distance Weighting (MIDW) was used to generate and analyze distribution patterns of radionuclide activities. Based on Fourier transformation of radioactivity data, a spectral analysis was also applied to separate, where possible, background/baseline patterns from local anomalies: two ranges of background values were found to characterise the Yerevan territory. Specifically, in the south and south-east of Yerevan, the lower background ranges of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 comprised in the intervals 2.60-36.42 Bq/kg, 4.04-30.63 Bq/kg and 147.7-396.7 Bq/kg, respectively, were observed in association with the presence of sedimentary formations. In contrast, the higher ones were found, instead, in the central and northern parts of the city where andesite-basalt lavas and ignimbrite tuffs occur. Here, the background values rise to 142.4 Bq/kg, 138.76 Bq/kg and 1502 Bq/kg, respectively. As for the distribution of artificial Cs-137, its baseline levels in Yerevan seem to depend mostly on the global radioactive fallout and some local technogenic sources. Its distribution patterns partially differ from those of NORs. In the framework of this paper, Radium equivalent activity (RaEq), outdoor absorbed dose rate in air (ODRA) and annual effective dose equivalent (AEDEs) were also determined and mapped. They show a good coincidence of their spatial variations with those of NORs. The Monte Carlo simulation was used to assess excess lifetime cancer risk from a stochastic perspective. The related sensitivity analysis revealed that, among NORs, U-238 and Th-232 give the greatest contribution to the total variance (45.7% 42.8%, respectively). In comparison, K-40 has the lowest share (11.3%). Regarding Cs-137, a highly negligible contribution to the onset of health risks (accounting for 0.02%) was observed.

Multifractal features of activity concentration and stochastic risk assessment of naturally occurring and technogenic radionuclides in the soil of Yerevan, Armenia

Aruta, Antonio;Albanese, Stefano
Ultimo
Supervision
2022

Abstract

Spatial patterns and background ranges of naturally occurring radionuclides (NORs) (i.e. U-238, Th-232, K-40) and Cs-137 were studied in the urban soils of Yerevan, the capital city of Armenia. Multifractal Inverse Distance Weighting (MIDW) was used to generate and analyze distribution patterns of radionuclide activities. Based on Fourier transformation of radioactivity data, a spectral analysis was also applied to separate, where possible, background/baseline patterns from local anomalies: two ranges of background values were found to characterise the Yerevan territory. Specifically, in the south and south-east of Yerevan, the lower background ranges of U-238, Th-232 and K-40 comprised in the intervals 2.60-36.42 Bq/kg, 4.04-30.63 Bq/kg and 147.7-396.7 Bq/kg, respectively, were observed in association with the presence of sedimentary formations. In contrast, the higher ones were found, instead, in the central and northern parts of the city where andesite-basalt lavas and ignimbrite tuffs occur. Here, the background values rise to 142.4 Bq/kg, 138.76 Bq/kg and 1502 Bq/kg, respectively. As for the distribution of artificial Cs-137, its baseline levels in Yerevan seem to depend mostly on the global radioactive fallout and some local technogenic sources. Its distribution patterns partially differ from those of NORs. In the framework of this paper, Radium equivalent activity (RaEq), outdoor absorbed dose rate in air (ODRA) and annual effective dose equivalent (AEDEs) were also determined and mapped. They show a good coincidence of their spatial variations with those of NORs. The Monte Carlo simulation was used to assess excess lifetime cancer risk from a stochastic perspective. The related sensitivity analysis revealed that, among NORs, U-238 and Th-232 give the greatest contribution to the total variance (45.7% 42.8%, respectively). In comparison, K-40 has the lowest share (11.3%). Regarding Cs-137, a highly negligible contribution to the onset of health risks (accounting for 0.02%) was observed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890303
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