An empirical method was applied to estimate the 222Rn fluxes distribution across the Campania region (Italy) by using both gamma-rays and U, Th, K concentrations in soils. As a first step, K, Th and U soil concentrations and 4 K, 238U and 232Th activity have been converted into their own specific activity to calculate the Terrestrial Gamma Dose Rate (TGDR). This latter has been then used to determine the 222Rn fluxes across the region. Regardless of the radiometric or geochemical origin, 222Rn fluxes reached, as expected, their maximum values in correspondence with the volcanic centres of Campania (Mt. Somma-Vesuvius, Phlegrean Fields, Mt. Roccamonfina). However, comparing the results obtained from the two different datasets, it was also possible to infer the existence of contributions to surficial 222Rn fluxes proceeding from both some underlying geological bodies and active seismogenic sources. In line with some national regulations, the 222Rn flux esteemed from gamma radiations was also used to assess the possible regional distribution of risk deriving from the indoor environmental exposure to 222Rn; results were compared with standardized incidence rates (SIRs) of lung cancer for an area on the south-western sector of Mt. Somma-Vesuvius showing a potential spatial relationship among flux data and SIRs.

Radon flux estimates, from both gamma radiation and geochemical data, to determine sources, migration pathways, and related health risk: The Campania region (Italy) case study

Guarino, Annalise;Lima, Annamaria;Albanese, Stefano
Ultimo
Supervision
2022

Abstract

An empirical method was applied to estimate the 222Rn fluxes distribution across the Campania region (Italy) by using both gamma-rays and U, Th, K concentrations in soils. As a first step, K, Th and U soil concentrations and 4 K, 238U and 232Th activity have been converted into their own specific activity to calculate the Terrestrial Gamma Dose Rate (TGDR). This latter has been then used to determine the 222Rn fluxes across the region. Regardless of the radiometric or geochemical origin, 222Rn fluxes reached, as expected, their maximum values in correspondence with the volcanic centres of Campania (Mt. Somma-Vesuvius, Phlegrean Fields, Mt. Roccamonfina). However, comparing the results obtained from the two different datasets, it was also possible to infer the existence of contributions to surficial 222Rn fluxes proceeding from both some underlying geological bodies and active seismogenic sources. In line with some national regulations, the 222Rn flux esteemed from gamma radiations was also used to assess the possible regional distribution of risk deriving from the indoor environmental exposure to 222Rn; results were compared with standardized incidence rates (SIRs) of lung cancer for an area on the south-western sector of Mt. Somma-Vesuvius showing a potential spatial relationship among flux data and SIRs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/890240
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