Aim: ALK, ROS1, NTRK and RET gene fusions and MET exon 14 skipping alterations represent novel predictive biomarkers for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, testing patients for these genetic variants is crucial for choosing the best selective treatment. Over the last couple of decades, next generation sequencing (NGS) platforms have emerged as an extremely useful tool for detecting these variants. Materials & methods: In the present study, we report our NGS molecular records produced during a year of diagnostic activity. Results: Overall, our in-house developed NGS workflow successfully analyzed n = 116/131 (88.5%) NSCLC samples. Of these, eight (6.8%) and five (4.3%) out of 116 patients harbored ALK and RET gene rearrangements, respectively: one case harbored ROS1 gene fusion (0.7%). Conclusion: Our results highlight that an RNA-based NGS analysis can reliably detect gene fusion alterations, thereby playing a pivotal role in the management of NSCLC patients.
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