Fever and pain are challenging symptoms in children and adolescents and are common reasons for consultations in primary care and hospital. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are currently the only recommended drugs for treating fever in Italy, but the therapeutic approaches are discrepant in the different settings. In Italy, paracetamol and ibuprofen are the most prescribed analgesics for acute mild-moderate pain in children; however, their use is often inappropriate in that fever is over-treated and pain is under-treated. An Italian board of experts analyzed the motivations for the misalignment between daily practice and guidelines of fever and acute mild-moderate pain management of the territory and hospitals. The expert opinion consensus process underscored the appropriate use of paracetamol and ibuprofen according to clinical scenarios, patients' profiles, and the safety features of the drugs. Although patients' profiles can indicate different benefits from paracetamol or ibuprofen, critical issues of fever and acute mild-moderate pain management persist in primary care and hospitals. These expert opinion consensus statements can be an across-the-board tool to harmonize the routine practice between the territory and hospitals, especially under special conditions (at-risk for dehydration, coagulation disorder patients, etc.). It can also promote educational activity about fever and acute mild-moderate pain management to enhance the milestones already achieved by Italian pediatricians.

Paracetamol and Ibuprofen in the Treatment of Fever and Acute Mild-Moderate Pain in Children: Italian Experts' Consensus Statements

Raffaele Iorio;
2021

Abstract

Fever and pain are challenging symptoms in children and adolescents and are common reasons for consultations in primary care and hospital. Paracetamol and ibuprofen are currently the only recommended drugs for treating fever in Italy, but the therapeutic approaches are discrepant in the different settings. In Italy, paracetamol and ibuprofen are the most prescribed analgesics for acute mild-moderate pain in children; however, their use is often inappropriate in that fever is over-treated and pain is under-treated. An Italian board of experts analyzed the motivations for the misalignment between daily practice and guidelines of fever and acute mild-moderate pain management of the territory and hospitals. The expert opinion consensus process underscored the appropriate use of paracetamol and ibuprofen according to clinical scenarios, patients' profiles, and the safety features of the drugs. Although patients' profiles can indicate different benefits from paracetamol or ibuprofen, critical issues of fever and acute mild-moderate pain management persist in primary care and hospitals. These expert opinion consensus statements can be an across-the-board tool to harmonize the routine practice between the territory and hospitals, especially under special conditions (at-risk for dehydration, coagulation disorder patients, etc.). It can also promote educational activity about fever and acute mild-moderate pain management to enhance the milestones already achieved by Italian pediatricians.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/889788
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