This work proposes a geometric approach to inverse kinematics of hyper-redundant manipulators used for remote maintenance of nuclear fusion reactors. The approach is particularly suited to be adopted in real-time human-in-the-loop control strategies involving high-frequency control feedback and requiring safe interaction between the manipulator and the in-vessel environment. The capability of the inverse kinematic method to find a solution for a set of different robot end-effector poses, inside a toroidal environment, was tested on the HyRMan kinematics, i.e. the Hyper Redundant Manipulator developed in the framework of the Divertor Tokamak Test (DTT) project. The simulation tests were aimed at assessing performance of the proposed method in terms of accuracy in the end-effector positioning, computational burden, distance from obstacle, distance from joint angles and torque limits and success rate of the task execution. The achieved results were compared to the ones obtained through an iterative method proposed in literature, i.e. the one based on the computation of the Jacobian pseudo-inverse, demonstrating overall higher performance of the proposed approach and comparable ability to safely avoid obstacles and joint limits.

A Geometric Approach to Inverse Kinematics of Hyper-Redundant Manipulators for tokamaks maintenance

Grazioso S.;di Gironimo G.
2022

Abstract

This work proposes a geometric approach to inverse kinematics of hyper-redundant manipulators used for remote maintenance of nuclear fusion reactors. The approach is particularly suited to be adopted in real-time human-in-the-loop control strategies involving high-frequency control feedback and requiring safe interaction between the manipulator and the in-vessel environment. The capability of the inverse kinematic method to find a solution for a set of different robot end-effector poses, inside a toroidal environment, was tested on the HyRMan kinematics, i.e. the Hyper Redundant Manipulator developed in the framework of the Divertor Tokamak Test (DTT) project. The simulation tests were aimed at assessing performance of the proposed method in terms of accuracy in the end-effector positioning, computational burden, distance from obstacle, distance from joint angles and torque limits and success rate of the task execution. The achieved results were compared to the ones obtained through an iterative method proposed in literature, i.e. the one based on the computation of the Jacobian pseudo-inverse, demonstrating overall higher performance of the proposed approach and comparable ability to safely avoid obstacles and joint limits.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/889529
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact