Recently, the role of nutrition in the management of Crohn’s disease (CD) is of increasing interest and the exploration of novel nutritional interventions to improve long-term management of the disease is challenging. So far, the majority of the studies on the role of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in CD are conducted in the pediatric population and have highlighted the efficacy of EEN for achieving mucosal healing. This implicates that a similar approach would be beneficial in adult patients. However, the evidence for EEN in adults is heterogeneous, with meta-analyses reporting it as inferior to steroids while growing data demonstrate improvement in complicated CD. Currently, EEN is less used in adult patients with IBD. Indeed, the lack of palatability of enteral formula leads to difficulties in acceptance and compliance. The search for more tolerable and still effective diets has become an intense area of research aiming to explore the potential role of diet to control inflammation in patients with CD. Thus, this narrative review provides the state-of-the-art on the use of EEN treatment in CD and highlights the perceived barriers to its implementation in adult CD patients.

Exclusive Enteral Nutrition in Adult Crohn’s Disease: an Overview of Clinical Practice and Perceived Barriers / de Sire, R.; Nardone, O. M.; Testa, A.; Calabrese, G.; Caiazzo, A.; Castiglione, F.. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 1178-7023. - 14:(2021), pp. 493-501. [10.2147/CEG.S267172]

Exclusive Enteral Nutrition in Adult Crohn’s Disease: an Overview of Clinical Practice and Perceived Barriers

de Sire R.;Nardone O. M.;Calabrese G.;Castiglione F.
2021

Abstract

Recently, the role of nutrition in the management of Crohn’s disease (CD) is of increasing interest and the exploration of novel nutritional interventions to improve long-term management of the disease is challenging. So far, the majority of the studies on the role of exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) in CD are conducted in the pediatric population and have highlighted the efficacy of EEN for achieving mucosal healing. This implicates that a similar approach would be beneficial in adult patients. However, the evidence for EEN in adults is heterogeneous, with meta-analyses reporting it as inferior to steroids while growing data demonstrate improvement in complicated CD. Currently, EEN is less used in adult patients with IBD. Indeed, the lack of palatability of enteral formula leads to difficulties in acceptance and compliance. The search for more tolerable and still effective diets has become an intense area of research aiming to explore the potential role of diet to control inflammation in patients with CD. Thus, this narrative review provides the state-of-the-art on the use of EEN treatment in CD and highlights the perceived barriers to its implementation in adult CD patients.
2021
Exclusive Enteral Nutrition in Adult Crohn’s Disease: an Overview of Clinical Practice and Perceived Barriers / de Sire, R.; Nardone, O. M.; Testa, A.; Calabrese, G.; Caiazzo, A.; Castiglione, F.. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 1178-7023. - 14:(2021), pp. 493-501. [10.2147/CEG.S267172]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/889162
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