Background Prostate cancer (PCa) is among the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in men. Although 5-year survival in patients with localised disease reaches nearly 100%, metastatic disease still remains incurable. Therefore, there is a need for markers indicating metastatic dissemination. Methods EGFR overexpression (EGFR(over)) was tracked in 1039 primary tumours, circulating tumour cells from 39 d'Amico high-risk patients and metastatic samples from 21 castration-resistant PCa cases. EGFR status was compared to clinical parameters and multiple molecular factors were assessed using immunohistochemistry and gene ontology analysis. The functional aspect of EGFR was evaluated by plating PC-3 cells on soft and rigid matrices. Results EGFR(over)was found in 14% of primary tumours, where it was associated with shorter metastasis-free survival and was an independent indicator of worse overall survival. EGFR(over)correlated with a pro-migratory and pro-metastatic phenotype of tumour cells as well as rich collagen fibre content. All circulating tumour cells (detected in 13% of cases) were positive for EGFR, independent of their EMT-related phenotype. EGFR(over)was more prevalent in castration-resistant bone metastases (29% of patients) and supported growth of human PCa cells on rigid matrices mimicking bone stiffness. Conclusions EGFR(over)is a stable, EMT-independent marker of PCa disseminating to rigid organs, preferentially bones.

EGFR as a stable marker of prostate cancer dissemination to bones / Nastały, P; Stoupiec, S; Popęda, M; Smentoch, J; Schlomm, T; Morrissey, C; Żaczek, A J; Beyer, B; Tennstedt, P; Graefen, M; Eltze, E; Maiuri, P; Semjonow, A; Pantel, K; Brandt, B; Bednarz-Knoll, N. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0007-0920. - 123:12(2020). [10.1038/s41416-020-01052-8]

EGFR as a stable marker of prostate cancer dissemination to bones

Maiuri P;
2020

Abstract

Background Prostate cancer (PCa) is among the most commonly diagnosed malignancies in men. Although 5-year survival in patients with localised disease reaches nearly 100%, metastatic disease still remains incurable. Therefore, there is a need for markers indicating metastatic dissemination. Methods EGFR overexpression (EGFR(over)) was tracked in 1039 primary tumours, circulating tumour cells from 39 d'Amico high-risk patients and metastatic samples from 21 castration-resistant PCa cases. EGFR status was compared to clinical parameters and multiple molecular factors were assessed using immunohistochemistry and gene ontology analysis. The functional aspect of EGFR was evaluated by plating PC-3 cells on soft and rigid matrices. Results EGFR(over)was found in 14% of primary tumours, where it was associated with shorter metastasis-free survival and was an independent indicator of worse overall survival. EGFR(over)correlated with a pro-migratory and pro-metastatic phenotype of tumour cells as well as rich collagen fibre content. All circulating tumour cells (detected in 13% of cases) were positive for EGFR, independent of their EMT-related phenotype. EGFR(over)was more prevalent in castration-resistant bone metastases (29% of patients) and supported growth of human PCa cells on rigid matrices mimicking bone stiffness. Conclusions EGFR(over)is a stable, EMT-independent marker of PCa disseminating to rigid organs, preferentially bones.
2020
EGFR as a stable marker of prostate cancer dissemination to bones / Nastały, P; Stoupiec, S; Popęda, M; Smentoch, J; Schlomm, T; Morrissey, C; Żaczek, A J; Beyer, B; Tennstedt, P; Graefen, M; Eltze, E; Maiuri, P; Semjonow, A; Pantel, K; Brandt, B; Bednarz-Knoll, N. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0007-0920. - 123:12(2020). [10.1038/s41416-020-01052-8]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/888264
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