Background: Guselkumab, tildrakizumab and risankizumab, acting on interleukin(IL)23 axis, have been recently approved for psoriasis management. However, real-life data regarding their comparison are scant. Objectives: The aim of our real life study was to perform an indirect efficacy and safety comparison among anti-IL23s, particularly focusing on difficult-to-treat areas. Methods: A 2-year single-center retrospective observational study was performed enrolling moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients treated with anti-IL23. For each patient clinical and demographical data were collected at baseline and at week4, week16 and week28. PASI, BSA, NAPSI and specific BSA regarding difficult to treat areas were evaluated. Results: 150 patients were included in the study: 63 (42%) received guselkumab, 21 (14%) tildrakizumab and 66 (44%) risankizumab. The three groups were comparable for age, sex and disease severity, only differing for psoriasis duration, psoriatic arthritis prevalence (higher in guselkumab), and previous systemic treatment failure (lower for tildrakizumab). Mean PASI and BSA significantly reduced from baseline up to week 28 without significant differences among the 3 drugs (reduction of 95-97.3% for PASI and 94.8-96.7% for BSA). No significant differences were registered for PASI75, 90 or 100 responses, in particular PASI100 was reached by 73.4-85% of patients. As regards difficult-to-treat areas, all the drug displayed a high efficacy, with significant differences registered only for the rapidity of action on palmoplantar psoriasis. Conclusions: Our 28-weeks study demonstrated a comparable efficacy and safety profile for all anti-IL23, with guselkumab and risankizumab appearing slightly faster than tildrakizumab particularly on palmoplantar lesions in the short-term.

Real-world practice indirect comparison between guselkumab, risankizumab and tildrakizumab: results from an Italian 28-week retrospective study

Megna, Matteo;Potestio, Luca;Battista, Teresa;Ruggiero, Angelo;Noto, Matteo;Fabbrocini, Gabriella;Genco, Lucia
2022

Abstract

Background: Guselkumab, tildrakizumab and risankizumab, acting on interleukin(IL)23 axis, have been recently approved for psoriasis management. However, real-life data regarding their comparison are scant. Objectives: The aim of our real life study was to perform an indirect efficacy and safety comparison among anti-IL23s, particularly focusing on difficult-to-treat areas. Methods: A 2-year single-center retrospective observational study was performed enrolling moderate-to-severe psoriasis patients treated with anti-IL23. For each patient clinical and demographical data were collected at baseline and at week4, week16 and week28. PASI, BSA, NAPSI and specific BSA regarding difficult to treat areas were evaluated. Results: 150 patients were included in the study: 63 (42%) received guselkumab, 21 (14%) tildrakizumab and 66 (44%) risankizumab. The three groups were comparable for age, sex and disease severity, only differing for psoriasis duration, psoriatic arthritis prevalence (higher in guselkumab), and previous systemic treatment failure (lower for tildrakizumab). Mean PASI and BSA significantly reduced from baseline up to week 28 without significant differences among the 3 drugs (reduction of 95-97.3% for PASI and 94.8-96.7% for BSA). No significant differences were registered for PASI75, 90 or 100 responses, in particular PASI100 was reached by 73.4-85% of patients. As regards difficult-to-treat areas, all the drug displayed a high efficacy, with significant differences registered only for the rapidity of action on palmoplantar psoriasis. Conclusions: Our 28-weeks study demonstrated a comparable efficacy and safety profile for all anti-IL23, with guselkumab and risankizumab appearing slightly faster than tildrakizumab particularly on palmoplantar lesions in the short-term.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11588/886471
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