Bartonellae are emerging vector-borne pathogens infecting humans, domestic mammals and wildlife. Ninety-seven red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 8 European badgers (Meles meles), 6 Eurasian wolves (Canis lupus), 6 European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus), 3 beech martens (Martes foina) and 2 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) from Italian Nature Conservatory Parks were investigated for Bartonella infection. Several Bartonella species (9.84%; 95% CI: 4.55–15.12), including zoonotic ones, were molecularly detected among wolves (83.3%; 95% CI: 51–100.00), foxes (4.12%; 95% CI: 0.17–8.08), hedgehogs (33.33%; 95% CI: 0.00–71.05) and a roe deer. Bartonella rochalimae was the most common Bartonella species (i.e. in 4 foxes and 2 wolves) detected. Candidatus B. merieuxii and B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii were identified for the first time in wolves. Furthermore, Bartonella schoenbuchensis was identified in a roe deer and a new clone with phylogenetic proximity to B. clarridgeiae was detected in European hedgehogs. Zoonotic and other Bartonella species were significantly more frequent in Eurasian wolves (p <.0001), than in other free-ranging wild mammals, representing a potential reservoir for infection in humans and domestic animals.

Zoonotic Bartonella species in Eurasian wolves and other free-ranging wild mammals from Italy / Greco, G.; Zarea, A. A. K.; Sgroi, G.; Tempesta, M.; D'Alessio, N.; Lanave, G.; Bezerra-Santos, M. A.; Iatta, R.; Veneziano, V.; Otranto, D.; Chomel, B.. - In: ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1863-1959. - 68:4(2021), pp. 316-326. [10.1111/zph.12827]

Zoonotic Bartonella species in Eurasian wolves and other free-ranging wild mammals from Italy

Sgroi G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Tempesta M.;D'Alessio N.;Veneziano V.
Validation
;
2021

Abstract

Bartonellae are emerging vector-borne pathogens infecting humans, domestic mammals and wildlife. Ninety-seven red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 8 European badgers (Meles meles), 6 Eurasian wolves (Canis lupus), 6 European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus), 3 beech martens (Martes foina) and 2 roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) from Italian Nature Conservatory Parks were investigated for Bartonella infection. Several Bartonella species (9.84%; 95% CI: 4.55–15.12), including zoonotic ones, were molecularly detected among wolves (83.3%; 95% CI: 51–100.00), foxes (4.12%; 95% CI: 0.17–8.08), hedgehogs (33.33%; 95% CI: 0.00–71.05) and a roe deer. Bartonella rochalimae was the most common Bartonella species (i.e. in 4 foxes and 2 wolves) detected. Candidatus B. merieuxii and B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii were identified for the first time in wolves. Furthermore, Bartonella schoenbuchensis was identified in a roe deer and a new clone with phylogenetic proximity to B. clarridgeiae was detected in European hedgehogs. Zoonotic and other Bartonella species were significantly more frequent in Eurasian wolves (p <.0001), than in other free-ranging wild mammals, representing a potential reservoir for infection in humans and domestic animals.
2021
Zoonotic Bartonella species in Eurasian wolves and other free-ranging wild mammals from Italy / Greco, G.; Zarea, A. A. K.; Sgroi, G.; Tempesta, M.; D'Alessio, N.; Lanave, G.; Bezerra-Santos, M. A.; Iatta, R.; Veneziano, V.; Otranto, D.; Chomel, B.. - In: ZOONOSES AND PUBLIC HEALTH. - ISSN 1863-1959. - 68:4(2021), pp. 316-326. [10.1111/zph.12827]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/885662
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