Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease usually occurring after puberty with painful, deep-seated, inflammatory lesions in the apocrine gland-bearing areas of the body. Although HS pathogenesis is still unproven, recent major research advantages have increased our knowledge of the mechanisms behind HS lesions. Particularly, follicular occlusion followed by follicular rupture has been shown to be crucial to HS development, leading to immune response activation, and resulting in typical clinical HS lesions. Moreover, an increased and imbalanced cytokine production, such as interleukin (IL) 17 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, may play a role in HS. In recent years, paradoxical adverse events have been described during treatment. Since the recent increased use of biologic treatments in HS, an increased number of paradoxical HS occurrences have been reported. In this review, we analyzed all current data on paradoxical HS triggered by biological drugs.

Paradoxical Hidradenitis Suppurativa during Biologic Therapy, an Emerging Challenge: A Systematic Review

Ruggiero A.;Picone V.;Marano L.;Fabbrocini G.;Marasca C.
2022

Abstract

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease usually occurring after puberty with painful, deep-seated, inflammatory lesions in the apocrine gland-bearing areas of the body. Although HS pathogenesis is still unproven, recent major research advantages have increased our knowledge of the mechanisms behind HS lesions. Particularly, follicular occlusion followed by follicular rupture has been shown to be crucial to HS development, leading to immune response activation, and resulting in typical clinical HS lesions. Moreover, an increased and imbalanced cytokine production, such as interleukin (IL) 17 and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) α, may play a role in HS. In recent years, paradoxical adverse events have been described during treatment. Since the recent increased use of biologic treatments in HS, an increased number of paradoxical HS occurrences have been reported. In this review, we analyzed all current data on paradoxical HS triggered by biological drugs.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/884057
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact