: Immunoglobulin A (Chan in J Allergy Clin Immunol 134:1394-14014e4, 2014), the second most abundant immunoglobulin in serum, plays an important role in mucosal homeostasis. In human serum, there are two subclasses of IgA, IgA1 (≅ 90%) and IgA2 (≅ 10%), transcribed from two distinct heavy chain constant regions. This study evaluated the serum concentrations of total IgA, IgA1, and IgA2, and total IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 in T2-high asthmatics compared to healthy controls and the presence of gender-related variations of immunoglobulins. Total IgA levels were increased in asthmatics compared to controls. Even more marked was the increase in total IgA in male asthmatics compared to healthy male donors. IgA1 were increased only in male, but not in female asthmatics, compared to controls. Concentrations of IgG2, but not IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4, were reduced in asthmatics compared to controls. IgG4 levels were reduced in female compared to male asthmatics. In female asthmatics, IgA and IgA1 levels were increased in postmenopause compared to premenopause. IgA concentrations were augmented in mild, but not severe asthmatics. A positive correlation was found between IgA levels and the age of patients and an inverse correlation between serum concentrations of IgA2 and IgE in asthmatics. A positive correlation between total IgA or IgA2 and IgG2 was found in asthmatics. These results highlight a gender dimorphism in IgA subclasses in male and female T2-high asthmatics. More adequate consideration of immunological gender disparity in asthma may open new opportunities in personalized medicine by optimizing diagnosis and targeted therapy.

Gender dimorphism in IgA subclasses in T2-high asthma / Varricchi, Gilda; Poto, Remo; Covelli, Bianca; Di Spigna, Gaetano; Galdiero, Maria Rosaria; Marone, Gianni; Postiglione, Loredana; Spadaro, Giuseppe. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1591-9528. - (2022). [10.1007/s10238-022-00828-x]

Gender dimorphism in IgA subclasses in T2-high asthma

Varricchi, Gilda;Poto, Remo;Covelli, Bianca;Di Spigna, Gaetano;Galdiero, Maria Rosaria;Marone, Gianni;Postiglione, Loredana;Spadaro, Giuseppe
2022

Abstract

: Immunoglobulin A (Chan in J Allergy Clin Immunol 134:1394-14014e4, 2014), the second most abundant immunoglobulin in serum, plays an important role in mucosal homeostasis. In human serum, there are two subclasses of IgA, IgA1 (≅ 90%) and IgA2 (≅ 10%), transcribed from two distinct heavy chain constant regions. This study evaluated the serum concentrations of total IgA, IgA1, and IgA2, and total IgG, IgG1, IgG2, IgG3, and IgG4 in T2-high asthmatics compared to healthy controls and the presence of gender-related variations of immunoglobulins. Total IgA levels were increased in asthmatics compared to controls. Even more marked was the increase in total IgA in male asthmatics compared to healthy male donors. IgA1 were increased only in male, but not in female asthmatics, compared to controls. Concentrations of IgG2, but not IgG1, IgG3, and IgG4, were reduced in asthmatics compared to controls. IgG4 levels were reduced in female compared to male asthmatics. In female asthmatics, IgA and IgA1 levels were increased in postmenopause compared to premenopause. IgA concentrations were augmented in mild, but not severe asthmatics. A positive correlation was found between IgA levels and the age of patients and an inverse correlation between serum concentrations of IgA2 and IgE in asthmatics. A positive correlation between total IgA or IgA2 and IgG2 was found in asthmatics. These results highlight a gender dimorphism in IgA subclasses in male and female T2-high asthmatics. More adequate consideration of immunological gender disparity in asthma may open new opportunities in personalized medicine by optimizing diagnosis and targeted therapy.
2022
Gender dimorphism in IgA subclasses in T2-high asthma / Varricchi, Gilda; Poto, Remo; Covelli, Bianca; Di Spigna, Gaetano; Galdiero, Maria Rosaria; Marone, Gianni; Postiglione, Loredana; Spadaro, Giuseppe. - In: CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 1591-9528. - (2022). [10.1007/s10238-022-00828-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/883690
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