In this work, an original mathematical model for metals leaching from electronic waste in a dark fermentation process is proposed. The kinetic model consists of a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations, accounting for the main biological, chemical, and physical processes occurring in the fermentation of soluble biodegradable substrates and in the dissolution process of metals. Ad-hoc experimental activities were carried out for model calibration purposes, and all experimental data were derived from specific lab-scale tests. The calibration was achieved by varying kinetic and stoichiometric parameters to match the simulation results to experimental data. Cumulative hydrogen production, glucose, organic acids, and leached metal concentrations were obtained from analytical procedures and used for the calibration. The results confirmed the high accuracy of the model in describing biohydrogen production, organic acids accumulation, and metals leaching during the biological degradation process. Thus, the mathematical model represents a useful and reliable tool for the design of strategies for valuable metals recovery from waste or mineral materials. Moreover, further numerical simulations were carried out to analyze the interactions between the fermentation and the leaching processes and to maximize the efficiency of metals recovery due to the fermentation by-products.

Mathematical modeling of metal recovery from E-waste using a dark-fermentation-leaching process / Russo, F.; Luongo, V.; Mattei, M. R.; Frunzo, L.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 4274. [10.1038/s41598-022-08106-2]

Mathematical modeling of metal recovery from E-waste using a dark-fermentation-leaching process

Russo F.
;
Luongo V.;Mattei M. R.;Frunzo L.
2022

Abstract

In this work, an original mathematical model for metals leaching from electronic waste in a dark fermentation process is proposed. The kinetic model consists of a system of non-linear ordinary differential equations, accounting for the main biological, chemical, and physical processes occurring in the fermentation of soluble biodegradable substrates and in the dissolution process of metals. Ad-hoc experimental activities were carried out for model calibration purposes, and all experimental data were derived from specific lab-scale tests. The calibration was achieved by varying kinetic and stoichiometric parameters to match the simulation results to experimental data. Cumulative hydrogen production, glucose, organic acids, and leached metal concentrations were obtained from analytical procedures and used for the calibration. The results confirmed the high accuracy of the model in describing biohydrogen production, organic acids accumulation, and metals leaching during the biological degradation process. Thus, the mathematical model represents a useful and reliable tool for the design of strategies for valuable metals recovery from waste or mineral materials. Moreover, further numerical simulations were carried out to analyze the interactions between the fermentation and the leaching processes and to maximize the efficiency of metals recovery due to the fermentation by-products.
2022
Mathematical modeling of metal recovery from E-waste using a dark-fermentation-leaching process / Russo, F.; Luongo, V.; Mattei, M. R.; Frunzo, L.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 4274. [10.1038/s41598-022-08106-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/880527
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