The structure and morphology of samples of syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP) having different stereoregularity with concentration of rrrr pentads from 78 to 95.8%, obtained by quenching the melt to 0°C, is analyzed by wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The fast cooling from the melt induces the formation of nanocrystals in the trans-planar mesomorphic form of sPP and results in a morphology characterized by the presence of globular entities (nodules) and no higher-order superstructure. It is shown that the nodule sizes depend on the stereoregularity of the sPP samples and the permanence time at 0°C. The observed nodular morphology is completely different from the lamellar morphology typically obtained in sPP samples melt crystallized at lower cooling rate. This result indicates that crystals of different shape, size and higher-order organization can be generated by changing the crystallization pathway.

Evidence of Nodular Morphology in Syndiotactic Polypropylene from the Quenched State / RUIZ DE BALLESTEROS, Odda; DE STEFANO, Fabio; Auriemma, Finizia; DI GIROLAMO, Rocco; Scoti, Miriam; DE ROSA, Claudio. - In: MACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 0024-9297. - 54:16(2021), pp. 7540-7551. [10.1021/acs.macromol.1c01011]

Evidence of Nodular Morphology in Syndiotactic Polypropylene from the Quenched State

Odda Ruiz de Ballesteros
;
Fabio De Stefano;Finizia Auriemma;Rocco Di Girolamo;Miriam Scoti;Claudio De Rosa
2021

Abstract

The structure and morphology of samples of syndiotactic polypropylene (sPP) having different stereoregularity with concentration of rrrr pentads from 78 to 95.8%, obtained by quenching the melt to 0°C, is analyzed by wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The fast cooling from the melt induces the formation of nanocrystals in the trans-planar mesomorphic form of sPP and results in a morphology characterized by the presence of globular entities (nodules) and no higher-order superstructure. It is shown that the nodule sizes depend on the stereoregularity of the sPP samples and the permanence time at 0°C. The observed nodular morphology is completely different from the lamellar morphology typically obtained in sPP samples melt crystallized at lower cooling rate. This result indicates that crystals of different shape, size and higher-order organization can be generated by changing the crystallization pathway.
2021
Evidence of Nodular Morphology in Syndiotactic Polypropylene from the Quenched State / RUIZ DE BALLESTEROS, Odda; DE STEFANO, Fabio; Auriemma, Finizia; DI GIROLAMO, Rocco; Scoti, Miriam; DE ROSA, Claudio. - In: MACROMOLECULES. - ISSN 0024-9297. - 54:16(2021), pp. 7540-7551. [10.1021/acs.macromol.1c01011]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/880009
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