In this work, the design of a monolithic softener obtained by geopolymer gel conversion is proposed. The softener used consists in a geopolymeric macroporous matrix functionalized by the co-crystallization of zeolite A and X in mixture. The dual nature of the proposed material promotes a softening process based on the synergistic effect of cation exchange and alkaline precipitation. A softening capacity of 90% and 54% for Ca2+ and Mg2+ respectively was attained in 24 h. In fact, the softener reported a Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) value of 4.43 meq g−1. Technical features such as density, porosity and mechanical resistance were also measured. The use of this monolithic softener can improve performance and sustainability of hardness removal from tap water, reducing the production of sludge and adding the possibility to partially regenerate or reuse it.

Zeolite-based monoliths for water softening by ion exchange/precipitation process / Campanile, A.; Liguori, B.; Ferone, C.; Caputo, D.; Aprea, P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 3686. [10.1038/s41598-022-07679-2]

Zeolite-based monoliths for water softening by ion exchange/precipitation process

Campanile A.;Liguori B.;Caputo D.;Aprea P.
2022

Abstract

In this work, the design of a monolithic softener obtained by geopolymer gel conversion is proposed. The softener used consists in a geopolymeric macroporous matrix functionalized by the co-crystallization of zeolite A and X in mixture. The dual nature of the proposed material promotes a softening process based on the synergistic effect of cation exchange and alkaline precipitation. A softening capacity of 90% and 54% for Ca2+ and Mg2+ respectively was attained in 24 h. In fact, the softener reported a Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) value of 4.43 meq g−1. Technical features such as density, porosity and mechanical resistance were also measured. The use of this monolithic softener can improve performance and sustainability of hardness removal from tap water, reducing the production of sludge and adding the possibility to partially regenerate or reuse it.
2022
Zeolite-based monoliths for water softening by ion exchange/precipitation process / Campanile, A.; Liguori, B.; Ferone, C.; Caputo, D.; Aprea, P.. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 12:1(2022), p. 3686. [10.1038/s41598-022-07679-2]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/879899
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