Prodrugs are ingenious derivatives of therapeutic agents designed to improve the pharmacokinetic profile of the drug. Here, we report an efficient and regioselective solid phase approach for obtaining new prodrugs of 9″-silybins conjugated with 3′-ribonucleotide units (uridine and adenosine) as pro-moieties. Uridine and adenosine conjugates were obtained in good yields (41–50%), beginning with silibinin and its diastereomers (silybin A and silybin B), using a NovaSyn® support functionalized with an ad hoc linker, which allowed selective detachment of only the desired products. As expected, the solubility of both uridine and adenosine conjugates was higher than that of the parental natural product (5 mg/mL and 3 mg/mL for uridine and adenosine, respectively). Our investigations revealed that uridine conjugates were quickly cleaved by RNase A, releasing silybin drugs, even at low enzyme concentrations. No toxic effects were found for any ribonucleotide conjugate on differentiated neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells when tested at increasing concentrations. All results strongly encourage further investigations of uridine-silybin prodrugs as potential therapeutic agents for both oral and intravenous administration. The present synthetic approach represents a valuable strategy to the future design of new prodrugs with modified nucleoside pro-moieties to modulate the pharmacokinetics of silybins or different natural products with strong pharmacological activities but poor bioavailability.

Investigation on the solid-phase synthesis of silybin prodrugs and their timed-release / Romanucci, V.; Giordano, M.; Pagano, R.; Zimbone, S.; Giuffrida, M. L.; Milardi, D.; Zarrelli, A.; Di Fabio, G.. - In: BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0968-0896. - 50:(2021), p. 116478. [10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116478]

Investigation on the solid-phase synthesis of silybin prodrugs and their timed-release

Romanucci V.;Giordano M.;Pagano R.;Zarrelli A.;Di Fabio G.
2021

Abstract

Prodrugs are ingenious derivatives of therapeutic agents designed to improve the pharmacokinetic profile of the drug. Here, we report an efficient and regioselective solid phase approach for obtaining new prodrugs of 9″-silybins conjugated with 3′-ribonucleotide units (uridine and adenosine) as pro-moieties. Uridine and adenosine conjugates were obtained in good yields (41–50%), beginning with silibinin and its diastereomers (silybin A and silybin B), using a NovaSyn® support functionalized with an ad hoc linker, which allowed selective detachment of only the desired products. As expected, the solubility of both uridine and adenosine conjugates was higher than that of the parental natural product (5 mg/mL and 3 mg/mL for uridine and adenosine, respectively). Our investigations revealed that uridine conjugates were quickly cleaved by RNase A, releasing silybin drugs, even at low enzyme concentrations. No toxic effects were found for any ribonucleotide conjugate on differentiated neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells when tested at increasing concentrations. All results strongly encourage further investigations of uridine-silybin prodrugs as potential therapeutic agents for both oral and intravenous administration. The present synthetic approach represents a valuable strategy to the future design of new prodrugs with modified nucleoside pro-moieties to modulate the pharmacokinetics of silybins or different natural products with strong pharmacological activities but poor bioavailability.
2021
Investigation on the solid-phase synthesis of silybin prodrugs and their timed-release / Romanucci, V.; Giordano, M.; Pagano, R.; Zimbone, S.; Giuffrida, M. L.; Milardi, D.; Zarrelli, A.; Di Fabio, G.. - In: BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0968-0896. - 50:(2021), p. 116478. [10.1016/j.bmc.2021.116478]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/879479
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