The development of assays for protein biomarkers in complex matrices is a demanding task that still needs implementation of new approaches. Antibodies as capture agents have been largely used in bioassays but their low stability, low-efficiency production, and cross-reactivity in multiplex approaches impairs their larger applications. Instead, synthetic peptides, even with higher stability and easily adapted amino acid sequences, still remain largely unexplored in this field. Here, we provide a proof-of-concept of a microfluidic device for direct detection of biomarker overexpression. The multichannel microfluidic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) device was first derivatized with PAA (poly(acrylic acid)) solution. CRP-1, VEGF-114, and φG6 peptides were preliminarily tested to respectively bind the biomarkers, C-reactive protein (CRP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Each PDMS microchannel was then respectively bioconjugated with a specific peptide (CRP-1, VEGF-114, or φG6) to specifically capture CRP, VEGF, and TNF-α. With such microdevices, a fluorescence bioassay has been set up with sensitivity in the nanomolar range, both in buffered solution and in human serum. The proposed multiplex assay worked with a low amount of sample (25 μL) and detected biomarker overexpression (above nM concentration), representing a noninvasive and inexpensive screening platform.

Easy Surface Functionalization and Bioconjugation of Peptides as Capture Agents of a Microfluidic Biosensing Platform for Multiplex Assay in Serum

Di Natale C.
Primo
Investigation
;
Battista E.
Secondo
Conceptualization
;
Lettera V.
Methodology
;
Causa F.
Conceptualization
;
Netti P. A.
Funding Acquisition
2021

Abstract

The development of assays for protein biomarkers in complex matrices is a demanding task that still needs implementation of new approaches. Antibodies as capture agents have been largely used in bioassays but their low stability, low-efficiency production, and cross-reactivity in multiplex approaches impairs their larger applications. Instead, synthetic peptides, even with higher stability and easily adapted amino acid sequences, still remain largely unexplored in this field. Here, we provide a proof-of-concept of a microfluidic device for direct detection of biomarker overexpression. The multichannel microfluidic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) device was first derivatized with PAA (poly(acrylic acid)) solution. CRP-1, VEGF-114, and φG6 peptides were preliminarily tested to respectively bind the biomarkers, C-reactive protein (CRP), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Each PDMS microchannel was then respectively bioconjugated with a specific peptide (CRP-1, VEGF-114, or φG6) to specifically capture CRP, VEGF, and TNF-α. With such microdevices, a fluorescence bioassay has been set up with sensitivity in the nanomolar range, both in buffered solution and in human serum. The proposed multiplex assay worked with a low amount of sample (25 μL) and detected biomarker overexpression (above nM concentration), representing a noninvasive and inexpensive screening platform.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
sensors-21-07671.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Dominio pubblico
Dimensione 2.39 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.39 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/879379
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 1
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact