: Three novel diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) based small molecules have been synthesized and characterized in terms of their chemical-physical, electrochemical and electrical properties. All the molecules consist of a central DPP electron acceptor core symmetrically functionalized with donor bi-thienyl moieties and flanked in the terminal positions by three different auxiliary electron-acceptor groups. This kind of molecular structure, characterized by an alternation of electron acceptor and donor groups, was purposely designed to provide a significant absorption at the longer wavelengths of the visible spectrum: when analysed as thin films, in fact, the dyes absorb well over 800 nm and exhibit a narrow optical bandgap down to 1.28 eV. A detailed DFT analysis provides useful information on the electronic structure of the dyes and on the features of the main optical transitions. Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have been fabricated by depositing the DPP dyes as active layers from solution: the different end-functionalization of the dyes had an effect on the charge transport properties with two of the dyes acting as n-type semiconductors (electron mobility up to 4.4∙10 -2 cm 2 /V∙s) and the third one as a p-type semiconductor (hole mobility up to 2.3∙10 -3 cm 2 /V∙s). Interestingly, well-balanced ambipolar transistors were achieved by blending the most performant n-type and p-type dyes with hole and electron mobility in the order of 10 -3 cm 2 /V∙s.

Novel thienyl DPP derivatives functionalized with terminal electron acceptor groups: synthesis, optical properties and OFET performance

Fusco, Sandra;Chianese, Federico;Centore, Roberto;Cassinese, Antonio;Carella, Antonio
2022

Abstract

: Three novel diketopyrrolopyrrole (DPP) based small molecules have been synthesized and characterized in terms of their chemical-physical, electrochemical and electrical properties. All the molecules consist of a central DPP electron acceptor core symmetrically functionalized with donor bi-thienyl moieties and flanked in the terminal positions by three different auxiliary electron-acceptor groups. This kind of molecular structure, characterized by an alternation of electron acceptor and donor groups, was purposely designed to provide a significant absorption at the longer wavelengths of the visible spectrum: when analysed as thin films, in fact, the dyes absorb well over 800 nm and exhibit a narrow optical bandgap down to 1.28 eV. A detailed DFT analysis provides useful information on the electronic structure of the dyes and on the features of the main optical transitions. Organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) have been fabricated by depositing the DPP dyes as active layers from solution: the different end-functionalization of the dyes had an effect on the charge transport properties with two of the dyes acting as n-type semiconductors (electron mobility up to 4.4∙10 -2 cm 2 /V∙s) and the third one as a p-type semiconductor (hole mobility up to 2.3∙10 -3 cm 2 /V∙s). Interestingly, well-balanced ambipolar transistors were achieved by blending the most performant n-type and p-type dyes with hole and electron mobility in the order of 10 -3 cm 2 /V∙s.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/879038
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