The development of faster, sensitive and real-time methods for detecting organophosphate (OP) pesticides is of utmost priority in the in situ monitoring of these widespread compounds. Research on enzyme-based biosensors is increasing, and a promising candidate as a bioreceptor is the thermostable enzyme esterase-2 from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius (EST2), with a lipase-like Ser–His–Asp catalytic triad with a high affinity for OPs. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) as a sensitive and reliable method to quantify OPs at environmentally relevant concentrations. For this purpose, the previously developed IAEDANS-labelled EST2-S35C mutant was used, in which tryptophan and IAEDANS fluorophores are the donor and the acceptor, respectively. Fluorometric measurements showed linearity with increased EST2-S35C concentrations. No significant interference was observed in the FRET measurements due to changes in the pH of the medium or the addition of other organic components (glucose, ascorbic acid or yeast extract). Fluorescence quenching due to the presence of paraoxon was observed at concentrations as low as 2 nM, which are considered harmful for the ecosystem. These results pave the way for further experiments encompassing more complex matrices.

A FRET Approach to Detect Paraoxon among Organophosphate Pesticides Using a Fluorescent Biosensor / Rodrigues, A. C. M.; Barbieri, M. V.; Chino, M.; Manco, G.; Febbraio, F.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 22:2(2022), p. 561. [10.3390/s22020561]

A FRET Approach to Detect Paraoxon among Organophosphate Pesticides Using a Fluorescent Biosensor

Chino M.;
2022

Abstract

The development of faster, sensitive and real-time methods for detecting organophosphate (OP) pesticides is of utmost priority in the in situ monitoring of these widespread compounds. Research on enzyme-based biosensors is increasing, and a promising candidate as a bioreceptor is the thermostable enzyme esterase-2 from Alicyclobacillus acidocaldarius (EST2), with a lipase-like Ser–His–Asp catalytic triad with a high affinity for OPs. This study aimed to evaluate the applicability of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) as a sensitive and reliable method to quantify OPs at environmentally relevant concentrations. For this purpose, the previously developed IAEDANS-labelled EST2-S35C mutant was used, in which tryptophan and IAEDANS fluorophores are the donor and the acceptor, respectively. Fluorometric measurements showed linearity with increased EST2-S35C concentrations. No significant interference was observed in the FRET measurements due to changes in the pH of the medium or the addition of other organic components (glucose, ascorbic acid or yeast extract). Fluorescence quenching due to the presence of paraoxon was observed at concentrations as low as 2 nM, which are considered harmful for the ecosystem. These results pave the way for further experiments encompassing more complex matrices.
2022
A FRET Approach to Detect Paraoxon among Organophosphate Pesticides Using a Fluorescent Biosensor / Rodrigues, A. C. M.; Barbieri, M. V.; Chino, M.; Manco, G.; Febbraio, F.. - In: SENSORS. - ISSN 1424-8220. - 22:2(2022), p. 561. [10.3390/s22020561]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/878879
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