The bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is the innermost bacterial membrane and is mainly composed of three different phospholipid species, i.e., phosphoethanolamine (PE), phosphoglycerol (PG), and cardiolipin (CL). In particular, PG and CL are responsible for the negative charge of the membrane and are often the targets of cationic antimicrobial agents. The growing resistance of bacteria toward the available antibiotics requires the development of new and more efficient antibacterial drugs. In this context, studying the physicochemical properties of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is pivotal for understanding drug-membrane interactions at the molecular level as well as for designing drug-testing platforms. Here, we discuss the preparation and characterization of PE/PG/CL vesicle suspensions, which contain all of the main lipid components of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. The vesicle suspensions were characterized by means of small-angle neutron scattering, dynamic light scattering, and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy. By combining solution scattering and spectroscopy techniques, we propose a detailed description of the impact of different CL concentrations on the structure and dynamics of the PE/PG bilayer. CL induces the formation of thicker bilayers, which exhibit higher curvature and are overall more fluid. The experimental results contribute to shed light on the structure and dynamics of relevant model systems of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane.

Structural Organization of Cardiolipin-Containing Vesicles as Models of the Bacterial Cytoplasmic Membrane / Luchini, A.; Cavasso, D.; Radulescu, A.; D'Errico, G.; Paduano, L.; Vitiello, G.. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 37:28(2021), pp. 8508-8516. [10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00981]

Structural Organization of Cardiolipin-Containing Vesicles as Models of the Bacterial Cytoplasmic Membrane

Luchini A.;Cavasso D.;D'Errico G.;Paduano L.;Vitiello G.
2021

Abstract

The bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is the innermost bacterial membrane and is mainly composed of three different phospholipid species, i.e., phosphoethanolamine (PE), phosphoglycerol (PG), and cardiolipin (CL). In particular, PG and CL are responsible for the negative charge of the membrane and are often the targets of cationic antimicrobial agents. The growing resistance of bacteria toward the available antibiotics requires the development of new and more efficient antibacterial drugs. In this context, studying the physicochemical properties of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane is pivotal for understanding drug-membrane interactions at the molecular level as well as for designing drug-testing platforms. Here, we discuss the preparation and characterization of PE/PG/CL vesicle suspensions, which contain all of the main lipid components of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane. The vesicle suspensions were characterized by means of small-angle neutron scattering, dynamic light scattering, and electron paramagnetic spectroscopy. By combining solution scattering and spectroscopy techniques, we propose a detailed description of the impact of different CL concentrations on the structure and dynamics of the PE/PG bilayer. CL induces the formation of thicker bilayers, which exhibit higher curvature and are overall more fluid. The experimental results contribute to shed light on the structure and dynamics of relevant model systems of the bacterial cytoplasmic membrane.
2021
Structural Organization of Cardiolipin-Containing Vesicles as Models of the Bacterial Cytoplasmic Membrane / Luchini, A.; Cavasso, D.; Radulescu, A.; D'Errico, G.; Paduano, L.; Vitiello, G.. - In: LANGMUIR. - ISSN 0743-7463. - 37:28(2021), pp. 8508-8516. [10.1021/acs.langmuir.1c00981]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/878279
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