As the evacuation problem has attracted and continues to attract a series of researchers due to its high importance both for saving human lives and for reducing the material losses in such situations, the present paper analyses whether the evacuation doors configuration in the case of classrooms and lecture halls matters in reducing the evacuation time. For this aim, eighteen possible doors configurations have been considered along with five possible placements of desks and chairs. The doors configurations have been divided into symmetrical and asymmetrical clusters based on the two doors positions within the room. An agent-based model has been created in NetLogo which allows a fast configuration of the classrooms and lecture halls in terms of size, number of desks and chairs, desks and chair configuration, exits' size, the presence of fallen objects, type of evacuees and their speed. The model has been used for performing and analyzing various scenarios. Based on these results, it has been observed that, in most cases, the symmetrical doors configurations provide good/optimal results, while only some of the asymmetrical doors configurations provide comparable/better results. The model is configurable and can be used in various scenarios.

Investigating the exits' symmetry impact on the evacuation process of classrooms and lecture halls: An agent-based modeling approach / Delcea, C.; Cotfas, L. -A.; Bradea, I. -A.; Bolos, M. -I.; Ferruzzi, G.. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - 12:4(2020), p. 627. [10.3390/SYM12040627]

Investigating the exits' symmetry impact on the evacuation process of classrooms and lecture halls: An agent-based modeling approach

Ferruzzi G.
Ultimo
2020

Abstract

As the evacuation problem has attracted and continues to attract a series of researchers due to its high importance both for saving human lives and for reducing the material losses in such situations, the present paper analyses whether the evacuation doors configuration in the case of classrooms and lecture halls matters in reducing the evacuation time. For this aim, eighteen possible doors configurations have been considered along with five possible placements of desks and chairs. The doors configurations have been divided into symmetrical and asymmetrical clusters based on the two doors positions within the room. An agent-based model has been created in NetLogo which allows a fast configuration of the classrooms and lecture halls in terms of size, number of desks and chairs, desks and chair configuration, exits' size, the presence of fallen objects, type of evacuees and their speed. The model has been used for performing and analyzing various scenarios. Based on these results, it has been observed that, in most cases, the symmetrical doors configurations provide good/optimal results, while only some of the asymmetrical doors configurations provide comparable/better results. The model is configurable and can be used in various scenarios.
2020
Investigating the exits' symmetry impact on the evacuation process of classrooms and lecture halls: An agent-based modeling approach / Delcea, C.; Cotfas, L. -A.; Bradea, I. -A.; Bolos, M. -I.; Ferruzzi, G.. - In: SYMMETRY. - ISSN 2073-8994. - 12:4(2020), p. 627. [10.3390/SYM12040627]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/876250
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