Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous fatty acid amide related to the endocannabinoid anandamide. PEA exerts intestinal anti-inflammatory effects, but knowledge of its role in colon carcinogenesis is still largely fragmentary. We deepened this aspect by studying the effects of PEA (ultramicronized PEA, um-PEA) on colon cancer cell proliferation, migration and cell cycle as well as its effects in a murine model of colon cancer. Results showed that um-PEA inhibited tumor cell proliferation via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α and G protein-coupled receptor 55, induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase, possibly through cyclin B1/CDK1 upregulation, and induced DNA fragmentation. Furthermore, um-PEA reduced tumor cell migration by reducing MMP2 and TIMP1 expression. In vivo administration of um-PEA exerted beneficial effects in the azoxymethane model of colonic tumors, by reducing the number of preneoplastic lesions and tumors. Collectively, our findings provide novel proofs on the effects of um-PEA in colon carcinogenesis.

Palmitoylethanolamide reduces colon cancer cell proliferation and migration, influences tumor cell cycle and exerts in vivo chemopreventive effects / Pagano, E.; Venneri, T.; Lucariello, G.; Cicia, D.; Brancaleone, V.; Nani, M. F.; Cacciola, N. A.; Capasso, R.; Izzo, A. A.; Borrelli, F.; Romano, B.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:8(2021), p. 1923. [10.3390/cancers13081923]

Palmitoylethanolamide reduces colon cancer cell proliferation and migration, influences tumor cell cycle and exerts in vivo chemopreventive effects

Pagano E.
Co-primo
;
Venneri T.
Co-primo
;
Lucariello G.;Cicia D.;Brancaleone V.;Nani M. F.;Cacciola N. A.;Capasso R.;Izzo A. A.;Borrelli F.
Penultimo
;
Romano B.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous fatty acid amide related to the endocannabinoid anandamide. PEA exerts intestinal anti-inflammatory effects, but knowledge of its role in colon carcinogenesis is still largely fragmentary. We deepened this aspect by studying the effects of PEA (ultramicronized PEA, um-PEA) on colon cancer cell proliferation, migration and cell cycle as well as its effects in a murine model of colon cancer. Results showed that um-PEA inhibited tumor cell proliferation via peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α and G protein-coupled receptor 55, induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase, possibly through cyclin B1/CDK1 upregulation, and induced DNA fragmentation. Furthermore, um-PEA reduced tumor cell migration by reducing MMP2 and TIMP1 expression. In vivo administration of um-PEA exerted beneficial effects in the azoxymethane model of colonic tumors, by reducing the number of preneoplastic lesions and tumors. Collectively, our findings provide novel proofs on the effects of um-PEA in colon carcinogenesis.
2021
Palmitoylethanolamide reduces colon cancer cell proliferation and migration, influences tumor cell cycle and exerts in vivo chemopreventive effects / Pagano, E.; Venneri, T.; Lucariello, G.; Cicia, D.; Brancaleone, V.; Nani, M. F.; Cacciola, N. A.; Capasso, R.; Izzo, A. A.; Borrelli, F.; Romano, B.. - In: CANCERS. - ISSN 2072-6694. - 13:8(2021), p. 1923. [10.3390/cancers13081923]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/875472
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