Human neutrophils, the most abundant circulating leukocytes, are fundamental compo-nents of the host response against different pathogens. Until a few years ago, neutrophils received limited attention in cancer immunology. Recently, it was discovered that both circulating, and tu-mor-associated, neutrophils possess functional plasticity when exposed to various inflammatory stimuli and in the tumor microenvironment. Neutrophils and their mediators can exert several pro-tumor activities in cancer and promote metastasis through different mechanisms. Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in inflammation and tumor growth. Activated human neutrophils release several angiogenic factors [vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), angiopoietin-1 (ANGPT1), CXCL8, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9)] and form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs promote tumor growth and metastasis formation through several mechanisms: they can awake dormant cancer cells, capture circulating tumor cells, coat and shield cancer cells, thus preventing CD8+-and natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity. ANGPTs released by endothelial and periendothelial mural cells induce platelet-activating factor (PAF) synthesis and neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells. NETs can directly exert several proangiogenic activities in human endothelial cells and NETs induced by ANGPTs and PAF increase several aspects of angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. A better understanding of the pathophysiological functions of NETs in cancer and angiogenesis could be of importance in the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tumors.

Neutrophil Extracellular Traps, Angiogenesis and Cancer / Poto, R.; Cristinziano, L.; Modestino, L.; de Paulis, A.; Marone, G.; Loffredo, S.; Galdiero, M. R.; Varricchi, G.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:2(2022), p. 431. [10.3390/biomedicines10020431]

Neutrophil Extracellular Traps, Angiogenesis and Cancer

Poto R.;Cristinziano L.;Modestino L.;de Paulis A.;Marone G.;Loffredo S.;Galdiero M. R.;Varricchi G.
2022

Abstract

Human neutrophils, the most abundant circulating leukocytes, are fundamental compo-nents of the host response against different pathogens. Until a few years ago, neutrophils received limited attention in cancer immunology. Recently, it was discovered that both circulating, and tu-mor-associated, neutrophils possess functional plasticity when exposed to various inflammatory stimuli and in the tumor microenvironment. Neutrophils and their mediators can exert several pro-tumor activities in cancer and promote metastasis through different mechanisms. Angiogenesis plays a pivotal role in inflammation and tumor growth. Activated human neutrophils release several angiogenic factors [vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A), angiopoietin-1 (ANGPT1), CXCL8, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9)] and form neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs). NETs promote tumor growth and metastasis formation through several mechanisms: they can awake dormant cancer cells, capture circulating tumor cells, coat and shield cancer cells, thus preventing CD8+-and natural killer (NK) cell-mediated cytotoxicity. ANGPTs released by endothelial and periendothelial mural cells induce platelet-activating factor (PAF) synthesis and neutrophil adhesion to endothelial cells. NETs can directly exert several proangiogenic activities in human endothelial cells and NETs induced by ANGPTs and PAF increase several aspects of angiogenesis in vitro and in vivo. A better understanding of the pathophysiological functions of NETs in cancer and angiogenesis could be of importance in the early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of tumors.
2022
Neutrophil Extracellular Traps, Angiogenesis and Cancer / Poto, R.; Cristinziano, L.; Modestino, L.; de Paulis, A.; Marone, G.; Loffredo, S.; Galdiero, M. R.; Varricchi, G.. - In: BIOMEDICINES. - ISSN 2227-9059. - 10:2(2022), p. 431. [10.3390/biomedicines10020431]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/874724
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