Abstract Purpose The aim of this study has been to evaluate the protective effect of a topical antioxidant formulation containing riboflavin, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol (TPGS vitamin E), proline, glycine, lysine, and leucine against UV-B-induced damage in in vivo rabbit retina. Methods Twenty male albino rabbits were used. Animals were divided into four groups of five animals each. Control group did not receive any UV irradiation. The first group (IG) was irradiated with a UV-A lamp for 30 min; the second (IG30) and the third (IG60) groups received UV irradiation for 30 and 60 min, respectively, and were topically treated with 1 drop (approximately 50 µl) of the antioxidant formulation, every 15 min, starting 1 h before irradiation, until the end of the UC exposure. Results The retina of IG group showed extensive destruction of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and of the cones and rods layer. The retina of G30 group showed a lesser destruction of both RPE and cones and rods layer. In the G60 group, retina showed an irregular thickening of the RPE, with massive edema of the inner and outer layer immediately adjacent together with a significant reduction of the photoreceptor number. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that a topical application of eye drops containing riboflavin, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol (TPGS vitamin E), proline, glycine, lysine, and leucine counteracts UV retinal injury in exposed retina rabbits.

Effects of an antioxidant protective topical formulation on retinal tissue of UV-exposed rabbits

Merolla, Francesco;Guerra, Germano;Costagliola, Ciro
2020

Abstract

Abstract Purpose The aim of this study has been to evaluate the protective effect of a topical antioxidant formulation containing riboflavin, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol (TPGS vitamin E), proline, glycine, lysine, and leucine against UV-B-induced damage in in vivo rabbit retina. Methods Twenty male albino rabbits were used. Animals were divided into four groups of five animals each. Control group did not receive any UV irradiation. The first group (IG) was irradiated with a UV-A lamp for 30 min; the second (IG30) and the third (IG60) groups received UV irradiation for 30 and 60 min, respectively, and were topically treated with 1 drop (approximately 50 µl) of the antioxidant formulation, every 15 min, starting 1 h before irradiation, until the end of the UC exposure. Results The retina of IG group showed extensive destruction of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) and of the cones and rods layer. The retina of G30 group showed a lesser destruction of both RPE and cones and rods layer. In the G60 group, retina showed an irregular thickening of the RPE, with massive edema of the inner and outer layer immediately adjacent together with a significant reduction of the photoreceptor number. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that a topical application of eye drops containing riboflavin, d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol (TPGS vitamin E), proline, glycine, lysine, and leucine counteracts UV retinal injury in exposed retina rabbits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/871160
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