Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a rare but aggressive thyroid cancer, responsible for about 50% of all thyroid cancer-related deaths. During the last two decades, the development of a multimodal personalized approach resulted in an increased survival. Here, we present an unusual case of a 54-year old woman with a paucicellular metastatic ATC, a rare variant of ATC, who was treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy. More than two years later, when the disease was rapidly growing, a combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab induced a partial tumor response of lung metastasis that persisted over 18 months. Paucicellular ATC may initially show a less aggressive behavior compared to other histological ATC variants. However, over the time, its clinical course can rapidly progress like common ATC. The combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab was effective as a salvage therapy for a long period of time.

Combination of Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab as Salvage Treatment for Paucicellular Variant of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: A Case Report / Luongo, C.; Porcelli, T.; Sessa, F.; De Stefano, M. A.; Scavuzzo, F.; Damiano, V.; Klain, M.; Bellevicine, C.; Matano, E.; Troncone, G.; Schlumberger, M.; Salvatore, D.. - In: CURRENT ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1718-7729. - 28:6(2021), pp. 5401-5407. [10.3390/curroncol28060450]

Combination of Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab as Salvage Treatment for Paucicellular Variant of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: A Case Report

Luongo C.
;
Porcelli T.;Sessa F.;De Stefano M. A.;Damiano V.;Klain M.;Bellevicine C.;Matano E.;Troncone G.;
2021

Abstract

Anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) is a rare but aggressive thyroid cancer, responsible for about 50% of all thyroid cancer-related deaths. During the last two decades, the development of a multimodal personalized approach resulted in an increased survival. Here, we present an unusual case of a 54-year old woman with a paucicellular metastatic ATC, a rare variant of ATC, who was treated with a combination of surgery, radiation therapy and cytotoxic chemotherapy. More than two years later, when the disease was rapidly growing, a combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab induced a partial tumor response of lung metastasis that persisted over 18 months. Paucicellular ATC may initially show a less aggressive behavior compared to other histological ATC variants. However, over the time, its clinical course can rapidly progress like common ATC. The combination of lenvatinib and pembrolizumab was effective as a salvage therapy for a long period of time.
2021
Combination of Lenvatinib and Pembrolizumab as Salvage Treatment for Paucicellular Variant of Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer: A Case Report / Luongo, C.; Porcelli, T.; Sessa, F.; De Stefano, M. A.; Scavuzzo, F.; Damiano, V.; Klain, M.; Bellevicine, C.; Matano, E.; Troncone, G.; Schlumberger, M.; Salvatore, D.. - In: CURRENT ONCOLOGY. - ISSN 1718-7729. - 28:6(2021), pp. 5401-5407. [10.3390/curroncol28060450]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/869898
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