The synthesis and characterization of the N-rich bis(triazole) compound 1H,4′H-[3,3′-bis(1,2,4-triazole)]-4′,5,5′-triamine (C4H7N9) with a N content of 69.6% by weight is reported. The compound exhibits a rich acid-base behavior because it can accept up to two protons, forming a monocation and a dication, and can lose one proton, forming an anion. Measurement of the acid constants has shown that there exist well-defined pH intervals in which each of the four species is predominant in solution, opening the way to their isolation and characterization by single-crystal X-ray analysis as salts with different counterions. Some energetic salts of the monocation or dication containing oxidizing inorganic counterions (dinitramide, perchlorate, and nitrate) were also prepared and characterized in the solid state for their sensitivity. In particular, the neutral compound shows a very remarkable thermal stability in air, with Td = 347 °C, and is insensitive to impact and friction. Salts of the dication with energetic counterions, in particular perchlorate and nitrate, show increased sensitivities and reduced thermal stability. The salt of the monocation with dinitramide as the counterion outperforms other dinitramide salts reported in the literature because of its higher thermal stability (Td = 230 °C in air) and friction insensitiveness.

High-Energy-Density Materials: An Amphoteric N-Rich Bis(triazole) and Salts of Its Cationic and Anionic Species

Parisi E.
Primo
;
Fusco S.;Manfredi C.;Centore R.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The synthesis and characterization of the N-rich bis(triazole) compound 1H,4′H-[3,3′-bis(1,2,4-triazole)]-4′,5,5′-triamine (C4H7N9) with a N content of 69.6% by weight is reported. The compound exhibits a rich acid-base behavior because it can accept up to two protons, forming a monocation and a dication, and can lose one proton, forming an anion. Measurement of the acid constants has shown that there exist well-defined pH intervals in which each of the four species is predominant in solution, opening the way to their isolation and characterization by single-crystal X-ray analysis as salts with different counterions. Some energetic salts of the monocation or dication containing oxidizing inorganic counterions (dinitramide, perchlorate, and nitrate) were also prepared and characterized in the solid state for their sensitivity. In particular, the neutral compound shows a very remarkable thermal stability in air, with Td = 347 °C, and is insensitive to impact and friction. Salts of the dication with energetic counterions, in particular perchlorate and nitrate, show increased sensitivities and reduced thermal stability. The salt of the monocation with dinitramide as the counterion outperforms other dinitramide salts reported in the literature because of its higher thermal stability (Td = 230 °C in air) and friction insensitiveness.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/869266
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