Gram-negative bacteria experiencing marine habitats are constantly exposed to stressful conditions dictating their survival and proliferation. In response to these selective pressures, marine microorganisms adapt their membrane system to ensure protection and dynamicity in order to face the highly mutable sea environments. As an integral part of the Gram-negative outer membrane, structural modifications are commonly observed in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecule; these mainly involve its glycolipid portion, i.e., the lipid A, mostly with regard to fatty acid content, to counterbalance the alterations caused by chemical and physical agents. As a consequence, unusual structural chemical features are frequently encountered in the lipid A of marine bacteria. By a combination of data attained from chemical, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS), and MS/MS analyses, here, we describe the structural characterization of the lipid A isolated from two marine bacteria of the Echinicola genus, i.e., E. pacifica KMM 6172T and E. vietnamensis KMM 6221T. This study showed for both strains a complex blend of mono-phosphorylated tri-and tetra-acylated lipid A species carrying an additional sugar moiety, a D-galacturonic acid, on the glucosamine backbone. The unusual chemical structures are reflected in a molecule that only scantly activates the immune response upon its binding to the LPS innate immunity receptor, the TLR4-MD-2 complex. Strikingly, both LPS potently inhibited the toxic effects of proinflammatory Salmonella LPS on human TLR4/MD-2.

The unusual lipid a structure and immunoinhibitory activity of LPS from marine bacteria echinicola pacifica KMM 6172T and echinicola Vietnamensis KMM 6221T / Pither, M. D.; Mantova, G.; Scaglione, E.; Pagliuca, C.; Colicchio, R.; Vitiello, M.; Chernikov, O. V.; Hua, K. -F.; Kokoulin, M. S.; Silipo, A.; Salvatore, P.; Molinaro, A.; Di Lorenzo, F.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 9:2552(2021), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/microorganisms9122552]

The unusual lipid a structure and immunoinhibitory activity of LPS from marine bacteria echinicola pacifica KMM 6172T and echinicola Vietnamensis KMM 6221T

Pither M. D.;Mantova G.;Scaglione E.;Pagliuca C.;Colicchio R.;Vitiello M.;Silipo A.;Salvatore P.;Molinaro A.;Di Lorenzo F.
2021

Abstract

Gram-negative bacteria experiencing marine habitats are constantly exposed to stressful conditions dictating their survival and proliferation. In response to these selective pressures, marine microorganisms adapt their membrane system to ensure protection and dynamicity in order to face the highly mutable sea environments. As an integral part of the Gram-negative outer membrane, structural modifications are commonly observed in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) molecule; these mainly involve its glycolipid portion, i.e., the lipid A, mostly with regard to fatty acid content, to counterbalance the alterations caused by chemical and physical agents. As a consequence, unusual structural chemical features are frequently encountered in the lipid A of marine bacteria. By a combination of data attained from chemical, MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS), and MS/MS analyses, here, we describe the structural characterization of the lipid A isolated from two marine bacteria of the Echinicola genus, i.e., E. pacifica KMM 6172T and E. vietnamensis KMM 6221T. This study showed for both strains a complex blend of mono-phosphorylated tri-and tetra-acylated lipid A species carrying an additional sugar moiety, a D-galacturonic acid, on the glucosamine backbone. The unusual chemical structures are reflected in a molecule that only scantly activates the immune response upon its binding to the LPS innate immunity receptor, the TLR4-MD-2 complex. Strikingly, both LPS potently inhibited the toxic effects of proinflammatory Salmonella LPS on human TLR4/MD-2.
2021
The unusual lipid a structure and immunoinhibitory activity of LPS from marine bacteria echinicola pacifica KMM 6172T and echinicola Vietnamensis KMM 6221T / Pither, M. D.; Mantova, G.; Scaglione, E.; Pagliuca, C.; Colicchio, R.; Vitiello, M.; Chernikov, O. V.; Hua, K. -F.; Kokoulin, M. S.; Silipo, A.; Salvatore, P.; Molinaro, A.; Di Lorenzo, F.. - In: MICROORGANISMS. - ISSN 2076-2607. - 9:2552(2021), pp. 1-18. [10.3390/microorganisms9122552]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/868091
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