: Polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel implants (also known as Synthetic Cartilage Implant or Cartiva® have been described in the treatment of degeneration of the first and second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). We reviewed literature to report characteristics of devices on the market and investigate their efficacy and safety. Following the PRISMA checklist, the Medline and Scopus databases were searched, including studies reporting use of Cartiva® for treating joint degeneration of the first and second MPTJ. Studies were searched for surgical technique, postoperative protocol, clinical scores, complications and reoperations. We found that, although some studies suggest that the use of Synthetic Cartilage Implant (Cartiva® is effective in the treatment of hallux rigidus in providing symptoms relief without sacrifice of joint motion, the redundancy of cohorts reported in studies and the frequency of conflict of interest reported by authors weaken the strength of evidence available and warrant further studies. Regarding the treatment of the second MTPJ ailments, no recommendation can be formulated to date due to the lack of primary studies.

Use of synthetic cartilage implant (Cartiva®) for degeneration of the first and second metatarsophalangeal joint: what is the current evidence?

Bernasconi, A;De Franco, C;Smeraglia, F;Rizzo, M;Balato, G
2020

Abstract

: Polyvinyl alcohol hydrogel implants (also known as Synthetic Cartilage Implant or Cartiva® have been described in the treatment of degeneration of the first and second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ). We reviewed literature to report characteristics of devices on the market and investigate their efficacy and safety. Following the PRISMA checklist, the Medline and Scopus databases were searched, including studies reporting use of Cartiva® for treating joint degeneration of the first and second MPTJ. Studies were searched for surgical technique, postoperative protocol, clinical scores, complications and reoperations. We found that, although some studies suggest that the use of Synthetic Cartilage Implant (Cartiva® is effective in the treatment of hallux rigidus in providing symptoms relief without sacrifice of joint motion, the redundancy of cohorts reported in studies and the frequency of conflict of interest reported by authors weaken the strength of evidence available and warrant further studies. Regarding the treatment of the second MTPJ ailments, no recommendation can be formulated to date due to the lack of primary studies.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/866254
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