The main objective of this paper is to describe a methodology to be applied in the preliminary design of a tiltrotor wing based on previously developed conceptual design methods. The reference vehicle is the Next-Generation Civil Tiltrotor Technology Demonstrator (NGCTR-TD) developed by Leonardo Helicopters within the Clean Sky research program framework. In a previous work by the authors, based on the specific requirements (i.e., dynamics, strength, buckling, functional), the first iteration of design was aimed at finding a wing structure with a minimized structural weight but at the same time strong and stiff enough to comply with sizing loads and aeroelastic stability in the flight envelope. Now, the outcome from the first design loop is used to build a global Finite Element Model (FEM), to be used for a multi-objective optimization performed by using a commercial software environment. In other words, the design strategy, aimed at finding a first optimal solution in terms of the thickness of composite components, is based on a two-level optimization. The first-level optimization is performed with engineering models (non-FEA-based), and the second-level optimization, discussed in this paper, within an FEA environment. The latter is shown to provide satisfactory results in terms of overall wing weight, and a zonal optimization of the composite parts, which is the starting point of an engineered model and a detailed FEM (beyond the scope of the present work), which will also take into account manufacturing, assembly, installation, accessibility and maintenance constraints.

Wing structure of the next-generation civil tiltrotor: From concept to preliminary design / Belardo, Marika; Marano, ANIELLO DANIELE; Beretta, Jacopo; Diodati, Gianluca; Graziano, Mario; Capasso, Mariacarmela; Ariola, Pierpaolo; Orlando, Ssalvatore; DI CAPRIO, Francesco; Paletta, Nicola; DI PALMA, Luigi. - In: AEROSPACE. - ISSN 2226-4310. - 8:4(2021), p. 102. [10.3390/aerospace8040102]

Wing structure of the next-generation civil tiltrotor: From concept to preliminary design

Marano Aniello Daniele;Di Caprio Francesco;Di Palma Luigi
2021

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to describe a methodology to be applied in the preliminary design of a tiltrotor wing based on previously developed conceptual design methods. The reference vehicle is the Next-Generation Civil Tiltrotor Technology Demonstrator (NGCTR-TD) developed by Leonardo Helicopters within the Clean Sky research program framework. In a previous work by the authors, based on the specific requirements (i.e., dynamics, strength, buckling, functional), the first iteration of design was aimed at finding a wing structure with a minimized structural weight but at the same time strong and stiff enough to comply with sizing loads and aeroelastic stability in the flight envelope. Now, the outcome from the first design loop is used to build a global Finite Element Model (FEM), to be used for a multi-objective optimization performed by using a commercial software environment. In other words, the design strategy, aimed at finding a first optimal solution in terms of the thickness of composite components, is based on a two-level optimization. The first-level optimization is performed with engineering models (non-FEA-based), and the second-level optimization, discussed in this paper, within an FEA environment. The latter is shown to provide satisfactory results in terms of overall wing weight, and a zonal optimization of the composite parts, which is the starting point of an engineered model and a detailed FEM (beyond the scope of the present work), which will also take into account manufacturing, assembly, installation, accessibility and maintenance constraints.
2021
Wing structure of the next-generation civil tiltrotor: From concept to preliminary design / Belardo, Marika; Marano, ANIELLO DANIELE; Beretta, Jacopo; Diodati, Gianluca; Graziano, Mario; Capasso, Mariacarmela; Ariola, Pierpaolo; Orlando, Ssalvatore; DI CAPRIO, Francesco; Paletta, Nicola; DI PALMA, Luigi. - In: AEROSPACE. - ISSN 2226-4310. - 8:4(2021), p. 102. [10.3390/aerospace8040102]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/866070
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