The recently reported CXCR4 antagonist 3 (Ac-Arg-Ala-[DCys-Arg-2Nal-His-Pen]-CO2H) was investigated as a molecular scaffold for a CXCR4-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) tracer. Toward this end, 3 was functionalized with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and 1,4,7-triazacyclononanetriacetic acid (NOTA). On the basis of convincing affinity data, both tracers, [68Ga]NOTA analogue ([68Ga]-5) and [68Ga]DOTA analogue ([68Ga]-4), were evaluated for PET imaging in "in vivo"models of CHO-hCXCR4 and Daudi lymphoma cells. PET imaging and biodistribution studies revealed higher CXCR4-specific tumor uptake and high tumor/background ratios for the [68Ga]NOTA analogue ([68Ga]-5) than for the [68Ga]DOTA analogue ([68Ga]-4) in both in vivo models. Moreover, [68Ga]-4 and [68Ga]-5 displayed rapid clearance and very low levels of accumulation in all nontarget tissues but the kidney. Although the high tumor/background ratios observed in the mouse xenograft model could partially derive from the hCXCR4 selectivity of [68Ga]-5, our results encourage its translation into a clinical context as a novel peptide-based tracer for imaging of CXCR4-overexpressing tumors.

Novel Peptide-Based PET Probe for Non-invasive Imaging of C-X-C Chemokine Receptor Type 4 (CXCR4) in Tumors

Tomassi S.;Marinelli L.;Sementa D.;Novellino E.;Di Maro S.
2021

Abstract

The recently reported CXCR4 antagonist 3 (Ac-Arg-Ala-[DCys-Arg-2Nal-His-Pen]-CO2H) was investigated as a molecular scaffold for a CXCR4-targeted positron emission tomography (PET) tracer. Toward this end, 3 was functionalized with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid (DOTA) and 1,4,7-triazacyclononanetriacetic acid (NOTA). On the basis of convincing affinity data, both tracers, [68Ga]NOTA analogue ([68Ga]-5) and [68Ga]DOTA analogue ([68Ga]-4), were evaluated for PET imaging in "in vivo"models of CHO-hCXCR4 and Daudi lymphoma cells. PET imaging and biodistribution studies revealed higher CXCR4-specific tumor uptake and high tumor/background ratios for the [68Ga]NOTA analogue ([68Ga]-5) than for the [68Ga]DOTA analogue ([68Ga]-4) in both in vivo models. Moreover, [68Ga]-4 and [68Ga]-5 displayed rapid clearance and very low levels of accumulation in all nontarget tissues but the kidney. Although the high tumor/background ratios observed in the mouse xenograft model could partially derive from the hCXCR4 selectivity of [68Ga]-5, our results encourage its translation into a clinical context as a novel peptide-based tracer for imaging of CXCR4-overexpressing tumors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/865395
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