Low-grade intraductal carcinoma is a rare neoplasia with an excellent prognosis, previously classified as low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma and low-grade salivary duct carcinoma. The tumor mainly occurs in the parotid gland and presents a ductal phenotype and an intraductal/intracystic growth pattern. It resembles intraductal breast lesions such as atypical ductal hyperplasia, papillary and cribriform ductal carcinoma in situ. Despite its infrequency, discriminating low-grade intraductal carcinoma from other salivary gland tumors is crucial, especially because of its favorable prognosis. A 74-year-old woman with a history of neurofibromatosis underwent a superficial parotidectomy to remove a sharply demarcated multi-cystic mass, diagnosed as category 4 at FNAC. The histological examination revealed a demarcated but unencapsulated lesion composed of a bigger cyst surrounded by several smaller cysts, lined by a monolayer or bilayer epithelium alternated with a cribriform proliferation, characterized by “Roman-bridges”, with occasional micro-papillae. A myoepithelial component, with a basal disposition, was present, confirmed by intense staining for protein p63 and SMA. Immunohistochemical stains showed intense, strong uniform positivity for pan-cytokeratin, protein S100, and SOX10. The Ki67 proliferation index was low (< 10%). A diagnosis of Low-grade Intraductal Carcinoma (LGIC) of the parotid was made. We performed a literature search in PUBMED for “Intraductal carcinoma”, “Low-grade Intraductal Carcinoma”, “Cribriform Cystadenocarcinoma”, “Salivary Duct Carcinoma”, and “Low-Grade Salivary Duct Carcinoma”. We selected 17 papers published between 1983 and 2020; the most affected anatomical site was the parotid gland (77/90), followed by minor salivary glands (6/90), the intraparotid lymph nodes (3/90) and the submandibular gland (4/90). Their main histopathological features are reported in the paper. Here we present a case report and a review of scientific literature on this topic to provide some essential diagnostic tools to discriminate this rare entity.

Low-Grade Intraductal Carcinoma of the Parotid Gland: A Case Report and Literature Review

Russo D.;Di Crescenzo R. M.;Varricchio S.;Ilardi G.;Merolla F.
2021

Abstract

Low-grade intraductal carcinoma is a rare neoplasia with an excellent prognosis, previously classified as low-grade cribriform cystadenocarcinoma and low-grade salivary duct carcinoma. The tumor mainly occurs in the parotid gland and presents a ductal phenotype and an intraductal/intracystic growth pattern. It resembles intraductal breast lesions such as atypical ductal hyperplasia, papillary and cribriform ductal carcinoma in situ. Despite its infrequency, discriminating low-grade intraductal carcinoma from other salivary gland tumors is crucial, especially because of its favorable prognosis. A 74-year-old woman with a history of neurofibromatosis underwent a superficial parotidectomy to remove a sharply demarcated multi-cystic mass, diagnosed as category 4 at FNAC. The histological examination revealed a demarcated but unencapsulated lesion composed of a bigger cyst surrounded by several smaller cysts, lined by a monolayer or bilayer epithelium alternated with a cribriform proliferation, characterized by “Roman-bridges”, with occasional micro-papillae. A myoepithelial component, with a basal disposition, was present, confirmed by intense staining for protein p63 and SMA. Immunohistochemical stains showed intense, strong uniform positivity for pan-cytokeratin, protein S100, and SOX10. The Ki67 proliferation index was low (< 10%). A diagnosis of Low-grade Intraductal Carcinoma (LGIC) of the parotid was made. We performed a literature search in PUBMED for “Intraductal carcinoma”, “Low-grade Intraductal Carcinoma”, “Cribriform Cystadenocarcinoma”, “Salivary Duct Carcinoma”, and “Low-Grade Salivary Duct Carcinoma”. We selected 17 papers published between 1983 and 2020; the most affected anatomical site was the parotid gland (77/90), followed by minor salivary glands (6/90), the intraparotid lymph nodes (3/90) and the submandibular gland (4/90). Their main histopathological features are reported in the paper. Here we present a case report and a review of scientific literature on this topic to provide some essential diagnostic tools to discriminate this rare entity.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/855673
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 2
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 2
social impact