Currently, climate change is affecting considerably the availability of freshwater for agri-culture, increasing the need for the optimization of crop water use efficiency. Attempts to use VPD (vapor pressure deficit) modulation to reduce water consumption have been made. However, the effects of VPD on leaf stomatal and hydraulic traits, and on possible tradeoffs between photosynthetic carbon gain and transpiration, are rarely reported. We analyzed photosynthesis (gas-exchange, photochemistry) stomatal and hydraulic-related traits of green (G) and red (R) butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown under low and high VPD (LV, HV) in a controlled environment. Our results showed that plants developed a higher number of small stomata under LV, allowing better regulation over opening/closing mechanisms and thus increasing net photosynthesis by 18%. LV plants also achieved better performance of the photosystem II and a more efficient water use (increments in ΦPSII and iWUE by 3% and 49%), resulting in enhanced plant growth and reduced need for irrigation. Significant differences between G and R plants were limited to a few traits, and the physiological response under the two VPDs did not show cultivar-specific response. We discuss the role of VPD management as necessary to maximize crop water use by harmonizing photosynthesis and transpiration.

Reducing the evaporative demand improves photosynthesis and water use efficiency of indoor cultivated lettuce / Amitrano, C.; Rouphael, Y.; Pannico, A.; De Pascale, S.; De Micco, V.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 11:7(2021), p. 1396. [10.3390/agronomy11071396]

Reducing the evaporative demand improves photosynthesis and water use efficiency of indoor cultivated lettuce

Amitrano C.;Rouphael Y.;Pannico A.;De Pascale S.;De Micco V.
2021

Abstract

Currently, climate change is affecting considerably the availability of freshwater for agri-culture, increasing the need for the optimization of crop water use efficiency. Attempts to use VPD (vapor pressure deficit) modulation to reduce water consumption have been made. However, the effects of VPD on leaf stomatal and hydraulic traits, and on possible tradeoffs between photosynthetic carbon gain and transpiration, are rarely reported. We analyzed photosynthesis (gas-exchange, photochemistry) stomatal and hydraulic-related traits of green (G) and red (R) butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) grown under low and high VPD (LV, HV) in a controlled environment. Our results showed that plants developed a higher number of small stomata under LV, allowing better regulation over opening/closing mechanisms and thus increasing net photosynthesis by 18%. LV plants also achieved better performance of the photosystem II and a more efficient water use (increments in ΦPSII and iWUE by 3% and 49%), resulting in enhanced plant growth and reduced need for irrigation. Significant differences between G and R plants were limited to a few traits, and the physiological response under the two VPDs did not show cultivar-specific response. We discuss the role of VPD management as necessary to maximize crop water use by harmonizing photosynthesis and transpiration.
2021
Reducing the evaporative demand improves photosynthesis and water use efficiency of indoor cultivated lettuce / Amitrano, C.; Rouphael, Y.; Pannico, A.; De Pascale, S.; De Micco, V.. - In: AGRONOMY. - ISSN 2073-4395. - 11:7(2021), p. 1396. [10.3390/agronomy11071396]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/855429
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