Graphene-based materials are capable of enhancing the refractometric response of prism-A nd optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors; however, complicated multistep and time-consuming attaching processes could limit their practical applications. Herein, for the first time, we demonstrate the immobilization of graphene oxide (GO) submicrometric sheets onto the surface of a gold-coated single-mode fiber using a coating of fungal self-assembling proteins, the hydrophobins (HFBs), as an adhesive nanolayer. Hetero-core fiber tip SPR structures used in this study, consisting of a mirrored multimode-single-mode fiber structure coated with different thin layers (a chromium layer of 3 nm and a gold layer of 30 nm on top) exhibited a refractive index sensitivity (SRI) of 1842 nm RIU-1 (RIU: Refractive index unit) at a refractive index (RI) of 1.36. Self-assembly of GO over the SPR fiber tip via HFB, offered an enhancement of up to 20% in the SRI. Moreover, this HFB-GO coating prevented degradation of the Al thin film mirror caused by corrosive salt-water solutions. The process is very simple, harmless, rapid (around 15 min) and scalable, as it is mostly based on one plasma treatment, which can be performed in large chambers and two dip coating steps, in liquid baths. All these features make the use of self-assembled bio/non-bio hybrid coating a green industrial method to improve the performance of SPR fiber biosensors, if compared with traditional chemical methods. Materials applied in this technology, fungal proteins and derivatives of graphite, are sustainable and largely available.

Graphene oxide biohybrid layer enhances sensitivity and anticorrosive properties in refractive index sensor

Gravagnuolo A. M.;Giardina P.;
2021

Abstract

Graphene-based materials are capable of enhancing the refractometric response of prism-A nd optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors; however, complicated multistep and time-consuming attaching processes could limit their practical applications. Herein, for the first time, we demonstrate the immobilization of graphene oxide (GO) submicrometric sheets onto the surface of a gold-coated single-mode fiber using a coating of fungal self-assembling proteins, the hydrophobins (HFBs), as an adhesive nanolayer. Hetero-core fiber tip SPR structures used in this study, consisting of a mirrored multimode-single-mode fiber structure coated with different thin layers (a chromium layer of 3 nm and a gold layer of 30 nm on top) exhibited a refractive index sensitivity (SRI) of 1842 nm RIU-1 (RIU: Refractive index unit) at a refractive index (RI) of 1.36. Self-assembly of GO over the SPR fiber tip via HFB, offered an enhancement of up to 20% in the SRI. Moreover, this HFB-GO coating prevented degradation of the Al thin film mirror caused by corrosive salt-water solutions. The process is very simple, harmless, rapid (around 15 min) and scalable, as it is mostly based on one plasma treatment, which can be performed in large chambers and two dip coating steps, in liquid baths. All these features make the use of self-assembled bio/non-bio hybrid coating a green industrial method to improve the performance of SPR fiber biosensors, if compared with traditional chemical methods. Materials applied in this technology, fungal proteins and derivatives of graphite, are sustainable and largely available.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/855107
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