Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease, characterized by recurrent and unexpected potentially life-threatening mucosal swelling. HAE may be further classified into HAE with C1‐inhibitor deficiency (C1‐INH‐HAE) and HAE with normal C1‐INH activity (nlC1‐INH‐HAE), mostly due to mutations leading to increased vascular permeability. Recent evidence implicates also the innate and adaptive immune responses in several aspects of angioedema pathophysiology. Monocytes/macrophages, granulocytes, lymphocytes, and mast cells contribute directly or indirectly to the pathophysiology of angioedema. Immune cells are a source of vasoactive mediators, including bradykinin, histamine, complement components, or vasoactive mediators, whose concentrations or activities are altered in both attacks and remissions of HAE. In turn, through the expression of various receptors, these cells are also activated by a plethora of molecules. Thereby, activated immune cells are the source of molecules in the context of HAE, and on the other hand, increased levels of certain mediators can, in turn, activate immune cells through the engagement of specific surface receptors and contribute to vascular endothelial processes that lead to hyperpemeability and tissue edema. In this review, we summarize recent developments in the putative involvement of the innate and adaptive immune system of angioedema.

Roles of Immune Cells in Hereditary Angioedema / Ferrara, A. L.; Cristinziano, L.; Petraroli, A.; Bova, M.; Gigliotti, M. C.; Marcella, S.; Modestino, L.; Varricchi, G.; Braile, M.; Galdiero, M. R.; Spadaro, G.; Loffredo, S.. - In: CLINICAL REVIEWS IN ALLERGY & IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1080-0549. - 60:3(2021), pp. 369-382-382. [10.1007/s12016-021-08842-9]

Roles of Immune Cells in Hereditary Angioedema

Ferrara A. L.;Cristinziano L.;Bova M.;Gigliotti M. C.;Marcella S.;Modestino L.;Varricchi G.;Braile M.;Galdiero M. R.;Spadaro G.;Loffredo S.
2021

Abstract

Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare genetic disease, characterized by recurrent and unexpected potentially life-threatening mucosal swelling. HAE may be further classified into HAE with C1‐inhibitor deficiency (C1‐INH‐HAE) and HAE with normal C1‐INH activity (nlC1‐INH‐HAE), mostly due to mutations leading to increased vascular permeability. Recent evidence implicates also the innate and adaptive immune responses in several aspects of angioedema pathophysiology. Monocytes/macrophages, granulocytes, lymphocytes, and mast cells contribute directly or indirectly to the pathophysiology of angioedema. Immune cells are a source of vasoactive mediators, including bradykinin, histamine, complement components, or vasoactive mediators, whose concentrations or activities are altered in both attacks and remissions of HAE. In turn, through the expression of various receptors, these cells are also activated by a plethora of molecules. Thereby, activated immune cells are the source of molecules in the context of HAE, and on the other hand, increased levels of certain mediators can, in turn, activate immune cells through the engagement of specific surface receptors and contribute to vascular endothelial processes that lead to hyperpemeability and tissue edema. In this review, we summarize recent developments in the putative involvement of the innate and adaptive immune system of angioedema.
2021
Roles of Immune Cells in Hereditary Angioedema / Ferrara, A. L.; Cristinziano, L.; Petraroli, A.; Bova, M.; Gigliotti, M. C.; Marcella, S.; Modestino, L.; Varricchi, G.; Braile, M.; Galdiero, M. R.; Spadaro, G.; Loffredo, S.. - In: CLINICAL REVIEWS IN ALLERGY & IMMUNOLOGY. - ISSN 1080-0549. - 60:3(2021), pp. 369-382-382. [10.1007/s12016-021-08842-9]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11588/854441
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